What to do with a sore throat from allergies
To assist relieve the pain and discomfort of a sore throat, you can:
- use paracetamol or ibuprofen
- use medicated lozenges or anaesthetic sprays (although there’s little proof they help)
You can purchase them from a supermarket or from a pharmacist without a prescription.
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- you’re worried about your sore throat
- you often get sore throats
- your sore throat does not improve after a week
- you own a sore throat and a extremely high temperature, or you feel boiling and shivery
- you own a weakened immune system – for example, because of diabetes or chemotherapy
A severe or long-lasting sore throat could be something love strep throat (a bacterial throat infection).
GPs do not normally prescribe antibiotics for sore throats because they will not generally relieve your symptoms or speed up your recovery.
They’ll only be prescribed if your GP thinks you could own a bacterial infection.
When to see a doctor
A person can often use home remedies to treat sore throats and allergies.
However, speak to a doctor if symptoms are severe or do not improve with OTC medications and allergen avoidance strategies.
A person with a sore throat should see a doctor if it lasts for more than a week or two or if
they experience any of the following symptoms:
- high fever
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- blood in saliva
- swelling or lumps in the face or neck
Doctors can also arrange for skin prick tests or blood tests to determine which allergen is triggering a person's symptoms.
How to treat a sore throat yourself
To assist soothe a sore throat and shorten how endless it lasts, you can:
- eat cool or soft foods
- drink plenty of water
- avoid smoking or smoky places
- gargle with warm, salty water (children should not attempt this)
- suck ice cubes, ice lollies or hard sweets – but do not give young children anything little and hard to suck because of the risk of choking
Media final reviewed: 1 June 2017
Media review due: 1 June 2020
Allergy prevention tips
Avoiding allergens is the best way to prevent upper respiratory allergy symptoms, such as sore throats.
However, entire avoidance is not always possible or practical.
Common allergens include:
- pet or animal dander
- grass and tree pollen
- mold spores
- dust mites
Some general tips to reduce exposure to allergens include:
- avoiding foods that trigger symptoms
- wearing sunglasses exterior to protect the eyes from pollen
- showering and changing clothes after spending time exterior during pollen seasons
- keeping windows closed during pollen seasons
- using a dehumidifier and cleaning bathrooms and kitchens frequently to reduce mold exposure
- staying indoors if possible when the pollen count is high
- using dust-proof covers on furniture and bedding to reduce exposure to dust mites
- washing hands immediately after petting dogs and cats to reduce exposure to pet dander
- washing pets frequently to reduce dander buildup
Treatment of allergies depends on the severity of the symptoms.
People with milder symptoms may be capable to treat themselves using over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal steroid sprays.
A doctor can provide prescriptions for medications for people with more severe allergy symptoms. Sometimes, doctors may also recommend immunotherapy, such as allergy shots.
Immunotherapy involves a series of treatments where an allergist gradually exposes a person to increasing amounts of an allergen. Over time, this desensitizes the person and reduces their allergic response to the allergen.
Many people use alternative therapies to treat allergies.
According to the National Middle for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), the following treatments may assist to relieve allergy symptoms:
- saline nasal irrigation
- some herbal remedies, such as butterbur
Home remedies may also assist to relieve discomfort from sore throats.
Home remedies include:
- drinking boiling tea with honey
- sucking on ice chips or frozen fruit juices
- gargling with salt water several times a day
- using OTC pain relievers
Sore throats can be a symptom of several diverse conditions, including allergies, common colds, the flu, and other viral and bacterial infections.
Because allergies can cause cold-like symptoms, some people may discover it hard to work out whether their sore throat is due to an allergy or something else.
One of the telltale symptoms of seasonal allergies is having itchy, watery eyes. Also, common colds and the flu rarely final longer 2 weeks, but allergy symptoms can sometimes final for 6 weeks or more.
People can generally treat allergy symptoms, such as sore throats, with self-care and OTC medications. However, see a doctor if symptoms are severe or do not reply to home treatments.
Sore throats are extremely common and generally nothing to worry about.
They normally get better by themselves within a week.
Allergy vs. cold
Many conditions can cause a sore throat, including common colds, the flu, and allergies, such as hay fever.
Taking note of other symptoms that appear along with a sore throat can assist people get a better thought of the underlying cause.
Symptoms common to both colds and allergies include:
- a runny or stuffy nose
- coughing and sneezing
Symptoms of colds, the flu, and infections:
- muscle and body aches do not generally happen with allergies
- fevers can happen with colds and the flu but not with allergies
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck region typically indicate an infection not an allergy
Symptoms of allergies include:
- itchy, watery eyes are common symptoms of allergies, but not of colds or the flu
An significant clue to whether the cause is a freezing, flu, or an allergy is how endless the sore throat lasts.
Colds and the flu do not generally final longer than 2 weeks.
However, allergies can final for as endless as a person remains exposed to the allergen.
For people with hay fever, allergy symptoms may final for around 6 weeks during pollen seasons.
Some people with hay fever may develop oral allergy syndrome after eating certain foods. Raw fruits, vegetables, and some tree nuts contain proteins that are similar to the pollens that trigger hay fever symptoms.
Oral allergy syndrome can cause:
- a scratchy, irritated throat
- an itchy mouth
- redness and swelling of the lips and mouth
- general hay fever symptoms
People who experience a sore throat or other symptoms after eating raw fruits or vegetables should speak to a doctor or allergist.
Allergies are extremely common.
According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, more than 50 million people in the United States own some type of allergy.
Research reveals that 15% of people in the U.S. own received a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis from their doctor, and up to 30% of the population own self-reported that they own nasal allergy symptoms.