What to do for baby eye allergies
When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.
These foods are:
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- cows’ milk
See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.
These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.
Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.
Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.
If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.
Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.
Food additives and children
Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.
All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used.
Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».
A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.
Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.
Sheet final reviewed: 24 July
Next review due: 24 July
An allergy is a reaction the body has to a specific food or substance.
Allergies are extremely common. They’re thought to affect more than 1 in 4 people in the UK at some point in their lives.
They’re particularly common in children. Some allergies go away as a kid gets older, although many are lifelong.
Adults can develop allergies to things they were not previously allergic to.
Having an allergy can be a nuisance and affect your everyday activities, but most allergic reactions are mild and can be largely kept under control.
Severe reactions can occasionally happen, but these are uncommon.
Getting assist for allergies
See a GP if you ponder you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something.
The symptoms of an allergic reaction can also be caused by other conditions.
A GP can assist determine whether it’s likely you own an allergy.
If they ponder you might own a mild allergy, they can offer advice and treatment to assist manage the condition.
If your allergy is particularly severe or it’s not clear what you’re allergic to, they may refer you to an allergy specialist for testing and advice about treatment.
Find out more about allergy testing
Substances that cause allergic reactions are called allergens.
The more common allergens include:
- animal dander, tiny flakes of skin or hair
- medicines – including ibuprofen, aspirin and certain antibiotics
- food – particularly nuts, fruit, shellfish, eggs and cows’ milk
- latex – used to make some gloves and condoms
- mould – these can release little particles into the air that you can breathe in
- dust mites
- grass and tree pollen – an allergy to these is known as hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
- insect bites and stings
- household chemicals – including those in detergents and hair dyes
Most of these allergens are generally harmless to people who are not allergic to them.
How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?
An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- swollen lips and throat
- itchy throat and tongue
- itchy skin or rash
- runny or blocked nose
- a cough
- diarrhoea or vomiting
- sore, red and itchy eyes
In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.
Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.
Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need. Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction
Allergic reactions generally happen quickly within a few minutes of exposure to an allergen.
They can cause:
- a runny or blocked nose
- wheezing and coughing
- red, itchy, watery eyes
- a red, itchy rash
- worsening of asthma or eczema symptoms
Most allergic reactions are mild, but occasionally a severe reaction called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock can happen.
This is a medical emergency and needs urgent treatment.