What to do for an infant with seasonal allergies

According to figures released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in , based on the agency’s National Health Interview Survey, percent of children under 18 own a food allergy (up from percent in ), percent own a skin allergy (up from percent in ), and percent own hay fever or a respiratory allergy.


What causes nasal allergies?

These are the most likely culprits:

  1. Pollen, particularly from trees, grasses, and weeds.
  2. Animal dander, those white, flaky specks made up of skin and hair shed by cats, dogs, and other furry animals.
  3. Dust mites: microscopic organisms that thrive on human skin flakes.

    Almost 85 percent of allergy sufferers are allergic to dust mites.

  4. Mold: Fungi found in wet, damp places such as bathrooms and basements or outdoors in humid climates.

Some children are allergic to below and feather pillows or wool blankets. And while most experts don’t ponder children can be allergic to tobacco smoke, it can certainly make their allergic symptoms worse.


10 signs that your kid has allergies, not a cold

Because the symptoms of nasal allergies are much love freezing symptoms runny nose, watery eyes, cough, nasal congestion, sneezing it can be tough to tell the difference.

There are some telltale signs of allergies, though.

Ask yourself the following questions:

  1. Does she own a persistent dry cough?
  2. Does the skin under her eyes glance dark or purple or blue what doctors call allergic shiners?
  3. Is your child’s nose continually stuffy or running?
  4. Is the mucus that drains from her nose clear and thin (as opposed to yellow or greenish and thick)?
  5. Does she seem to sneeze a lot?
  6. Does she breathe through her mouth?
  7. Are her eyes itchy, red, and watery?
  8. Does it seem love your kid always has a cold?

    Colds generally wind below in a week to 10 days; allergies don’t.

  9. Is your kid constantly wiggling, wiping, or pushing her nose up in what doctors call the allergic salute?
  10. Is her skin irritated or broken out in an itchy red rash?

If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, there’s a excellent chance your kid is allergic to something in her environment. Kids with nasal allergies are also more prone to ear infections, asthma, and sinus infections.


If my kid is allergic, when will I know?

It depends on how often your kid has been exposed to the allergen.

It typically takes time for an allergy to develop. Each allergic person has a threshold that must be reached before an allergen causes a reaction, and this can take several months. That’s why pollen allergies associated with hay fever generally take a few years to develop.

So if your kid inherited the tendency to be allergic to cat dander, she may own no trouble at every for the first few months she’s around Fluffy, or she may own a reduced reaction. But then one day, when the exposure level reaches her threshold, her body will react and mount an offense.


What are examples of allergens?

Possible allergens include food, drugs, insects, animal dander, dust mites, mold, and pollen.

Allergens can cause respiratory symptoms, as in nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis, skin symptoms love eczema, or intestinal problems from food allergies, for example.

Babies and toddlers are unlikely to own hay fever. Seasonal allergies to things such as pollen and grass generally don’t rear their ugly (and stuffy) head until a kid is about 3 to 4 years ancient. That’s because the exposure to each type of pollen is for only a few weeks each year.


Are allergies inherited?

A kid inherits the tendency to be allergic but not necessarily the specific allergies.

For example, if one of your child’s biological parents has hay fever or pet allergies, there’s a 40 to 50 percent chance your kid will own some sort of allergy as well.

That probability jumps to 75 to 80 percent when both biological parents own allergies.

Family members may differ widely in the kinds of things they’re allergic to.



en españolAlergia estacional (fiebre del heno)

Ear infections

Allergies lead to inflammation in the ear and may cause fluid accumulation that can promote ear infections and decreased hearing. A baby whose hearing is impaired for any reason while learning to talk may develop poor lecture.

Allergies can cause earaches as well as ear itching, popping and fullness (“stopped-up ears”). Anyone with these symptoms should see an allergist for possible testing and treatment.

Common Allergy triggers in Children

  1. Irritants: cigarette smoke, perfume, car exhaust
  2. Indoors: pet or animal hair or fur, dust mites, mold
  3. Outdoors: tree pollen, plant pollen, insect bites or stings
  4. Foods: peanuts, eggs, milk and milk products

If you suspect your kid has an allergy, make an appointment to see an allergist.

Start a diary before the appointment and hold track of what symptoms your kid experiences and what you ponder causes them.

Treatment

There are numerous ways to treat seasonal allergies, depending on how severe the symptoms are. The most significant part of treatment is knowing what allergens are at work. Some kids can get relief by reducing or eliminating exposure to allergens that annoy them.

If certain seasons cause symptoms, hold the windows closed, use air conditioning if possible, and stay indoors when pollen/mold/weed counts are high.It’s also a excellent thought for kids with seasonal allergies to wash their hands or shower and change clothing after playing outside.

If reducing exposure isn’t possible or is ineffective, medicines can assist ease allergy symptoms.

What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

These may include decongestants, antihistamines, and nasal spray steroids. If symptoms can’t be managed with medicines, the doctor may recommend taking your kid to an allergist or immunologist for evaluation for allergy shots (immunotherapy), which can assist desensitize kids to specific allergens.

What Are Allergies?

Allergies are abnormal immune system reactions to things that are typically harmless to most people. When a person is allergic to something, the immune system mistakenly believes that this substance is harming the body.

Substances that cause allergic reactions — such as some foods, dust, plant pollen, or medicines — are known as allergens.

Allergies are a major cause of illness in the United States.

Up to 50 million Americans, including millions of kids, own some type of allergy. In fact, allergies cause about 2 million missed school days each year.

What Things Cause Allergies?

Airborne Allergy Symptoms

Airborne allergens can cause something known as allergic rhinitis, which generally develops by 10 years of age, reaches its peak in the teens or early twenties, and often disappears between the ages of 40 and

Symptoms can include:

  1. stuffy nose
  2. itchy nose and/or throat
  3. sneezing
  4. coughing

When symptoms also include itchy, watery, and/or red eyes, this is called allergic conjunctivitis.

(Dark circles that sometimes show up around the eyes are called allergic «shiners.»)

Airborne Allergies

To assist kids avoid airborne allergens:

  1. If your kid has a pollen allergy, hold the windows closed when pollen season is at its peak, own your kid take a bath or shower and change clothes after being outdoors, and don’t let him or her mow the lawn.
  2. Clean when your kid is not in the room.
  3. Keep family pets out of your child’s bedroom.
  4. Don’t hang heavy drapes and get rid of other items that permit dust to build up.
  5. Use special covers to seal pillows and mattresses if your kid is allergic to dust mites.
  6. Remove carpets or rugs from your child’s room (hard floors don’t collect dust as much as carpets do).
  7. Keep kids who areallergic to mold away fromdamp areas, such as some basements, and hold bathrooms and other mold-prone areas clean and dry.

Common Airborne Allergens

Some of the most common things people are allergic to are airborne (carried through the air):

  1. Pet allergens are caused by pet dander (tiny flakes of shed skin) and animal saliva.

    When pets lick themselves, the saliva gets on their fur or feathers.

    What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

    As the saliva dries, protein particles become airborne and work their way into fabrics in the home. Pet urine also can cause allergies in the same way when it gets on airborne fur or skin, or when a pet pees in a spot that isn’t cleaned.

  2. Moldsare fungi that thrive both indoors and exterior in warm, moist environments.

    What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

    Outdoors, molds can be found in poor drainage areas, such as in piles of rotting leaves or compost piles. Indoors, molds thrive in dark, poorly ventilated places such as bathrooms and damp basements. Molds tend to be seasonal, but some can grow year-round, especially those indoors.

  3. Dust mites are microscopic insects that live every around us and feed on the millions of dead skin cells that drop off our bodies every day. They’re the main allergic component of home dust. Dust mites are present year-round in most parts of the United States and live in bedding, upholstery, and carpets.
  4. Pollen is a major cause of allergies (a pollen allergy is often calledhay fever or rose fever).

    Trees, weeds, and grasses release these tiny particles into the air to fertilize other plants. Pollen allergies are seasonal, and the type of pollen someone is allergic to determines when symptoms happen.

    Pollen counts measure how much pollen is in the air and can assist people with allergies predict how bad their symptoms might be on any given day. Pollen counts are generally higher in the morning and on warm, dry, breezy days, and lowest when it’s chilly and wet.

  5. Cockroaches are also a major household allergen, especially in inner cities.

    Exposure to cockroach-infested buildings may be a major cause of the high rates of asthma in inner-city kids.

Other Common Allergens

  1. A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is pricked with a little pricking device.If a kid reacts to the allergen, the skin will swell a little in that area.
  2. A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is scratched with a little pricking device.
  3. Insect allergy. For most kids, being stung by an insect means swelling, redness, and itching at the site of the bite.

    But for those with insect venom allergy, an insect sting can cause more serious symptoms.

  4. Chemicals. Some cosmetics or laundry detergents can make people break out in hives. Generally, this is because someone has a reaction to the chemicals in these products, though it may not always be an allergic reaction. Dyes, household cleaners, and pesticides used on lawns or plants also can cause allergic reactions in some people.
  5. A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin.

    This test stings a little but isn’t painful.

  6. Medicines. Antibiotics are the most common type of medicines that cause allergic reactions. Numerous other others, including over-the-counter medicines (those you can purchase without a prescription), also can cause allergic reactions.
  7. A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin. This test stings a little but isn’t extremely painful. After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area appears (like a mosquito bite) at the injection site, the test is positive.

Some kids also own what are called cross-reactions.

For example, kids who are allergic to birch pollen might own symptoms when they eat an apple because that apple is made up of a protein similar to one in the pollen. And for reasons that aren’t clear, people with a latex allergy (found in latex gloves and some kinds of hospital equipment) are more likely to be allergic to foods likekiwi, chestnuts, avocados, and bananas.

How Are Allergies Diagnosed?

Some allergies are fairly simple to identify but others are less obvious because they can be similar to other conditions.

If your kid has cold-like symptoms lasting longer than a week or two or develops a «cold» at the same time every year, talk with your doctor, who might diagnose an allergy and prescribe medicines, or may refer you to an allergist(a doctor who is an expert in the treatment of allergies) for allergy tests.

To discover the cause of an allergy, allergists generally do skin tests for the most common environmental and food allergens.

A skin test can work in one of two ways:

  • A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is scratched with a little pricking device.
  • A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin. This test stings a little but isn’t painful.

After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area (like a mosquito bite) appears at the site, the test is positive.

Blood tests may be done instead for kids with skin conditions, those who are on certain medicines, or those who are extremely sensitive to a specific allergen.

Even if testing shows an allergy, a kid also must own symptoms to be diagnosed with an allergy.

For example, a toddler who has a positive test for dust mites and sneezes a lot while playing on the floor would be considered allergic to dust mites.

Nasal congestion

Allergies are the most common cause of chronic nasal congestion (a stuffy nose) in children. Sometimes a child’s nose is congested to the point that he or she breathes through the mouth, especially while sleeping. This may also cause the kid to not get a restful night’s sleep and then be tired the next day. If the congestion and mouth-breathing are left untreated, they can affect the growth of teeth and the bones of the face.

Early treatment of the allergies causing the nasal congestion may prevent these problems.

How Are Allergies Treated?

There’s no cure for allergies, but symptoms can be managed. The best way to manage with them is to avoid the allergens. That means that parents must educate their kids early and often, not only about the allergy itself, but also about the reactions they can own if they consume or come into contact with the allergen.

Telling every caregivers (childcare staff, teachers, family members, parents of your child’s friends, etc.) about your child’s allergy is also important.

If avoiding environmental allergens isn’t possible or doesn’t assist, doctors might prescribe medicines, including antihistamines, eye drops, and nasal sprays.

(Many of these also are available without a prescription.)

In some cases, doctors recommend allergy shots(immunotherapy) to assist desensitize a person to an allergen. But allergy shots are only helpful for allergens such as dust, mold, pollens, animals, and insect stings. They’re not used for food allergies.

Food Allergies

Kids with food allergies must completely avoid products made with their allergens.

This can be tough as allergens are found in numerous unexpected foods and products.

Always read labels to see if a packaged food contains your child’s allergen. Manufacturers of foods sold in the United States must state in understandable language whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergens. This label requirement makes things a little easier. But it’s significant to remember that «safe» foods could become unsafe if food companies change ingredients, processes, or production locations.

Cross-contamination means that the allergen is not one of the ingredients in a product, but might own come into contact with it during production or packaging.

Companies are not required to label for cross-contamination risk, though some voluntarily do so. You may see statements such as «May contain…,» «Processed in a facility that also processes…,» or «Manufactured on equipment also used for ….»

Because products without such statements also might be cross-contaminated and the company did not label for it, it’s always best to contact the company to see if the product could contain your child’s allergen. Glance for this information on the company’s website or email a company representative.

Cross-contamination also can happen at home or in restaurants when kitchen surfaces or utensils are used for diverse foods.

No parent wants to see their kid suffer.

Any kid can develop allergies, but they are more common in children from families with a history of allergies. Since it’s impossible for parents to control absolutely everything that their kid is exposed to or eats, parents should instead focus on monitoring their kid for symptoms.

Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your kid.

If your son or daughter is struggling, take control of the situation and consult an allergist today.

Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your child.

Diagnosis

Seasonal allergies are fairly simple to identify because the pattern of symptoms returns from year to year following exposure to an allergen.

Talk with your doctor if you ponder your kid might own allergies. The doctor will enquire about symptoms and when they appear and, based on the answers and a physical exam, should be capable to make a diagnosis.

If not, the doctor may refer you to an allergist for blood tests or allergy skin tests.

To discover an allergy’s cause, allergists generally do skin tests in one of two ways:

After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area (like a mosquito bite) appears at the site, the test is positive.

Blood tests may be done instead for kids with skin conditions, those who are on certain medicines, or those who are extremely sensitive to a specific allergen.

Even if testing shows an allergy, a kid also must own symptoms to be diagnosed with an allergy.

For example, a toddler who has a positive test for dust mites and sneezes a lot while playing on the floor would be considered allergic to dust mites.

Nasal congestion

Allergies are the most common cause of chronic nasal congestion (a stuffy nose) in children. Sometimes a child’s nose is congested to the point that he or she breathes through the mouth, especially while sleeping. This may also cause the kid to not get a restful night’s sleep and then be tired the next day. If the congestion and mouth-breathing are left untreated, they can affect the growth of teeth and the bones of the face.

Early treatment of the allergies causing the nasal congestion may prevent these problems.

How Are Allergies Treated?

There’s no cure for allergies, but symptoms can be managed. The best way to manage with them is to avoid the allergens. That means that parents must educate their kids early and often, not only about the allergy itself, but also about the reactions they can own if they consume or come into contact with the allergen.

Telling every caregivers (childcare staff, teachers, family members, parents of your child’s friends, etc.) about your child’s allergy is also important.

If avoiding environmental allergens isn’t possible or doesn’t assist, doctors might prescribe medicines, including antihistamines, eye drops, and nasal sprays.

(Many of these also are available without a prescription.)

In some cases, doctors recommend allergy shots(immunotherapy) to assist desensitize a person to an allergen. But allergy shots are only helpful for allergens such as dust, mold, pollens, animals, and insect stings. They’re not used for food allergies.

Food Allergies

Kids with food allergies must completely avoid products made with their allergens. This can be tough as allergens are found in numerous unexpected foods and products.

Always read labels to see if a packaged food contains your child’s allergen.

What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

Manufacturers of foods sold in the United States must state in understandable language whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergens. This label requirement makes things a little easier.

What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

But it’s significant to remember that «safe» foods could become unsafe if food companies change ingredients, processes, or production locations.

Cross-contamination means that the allergen is not one of the ingredients in a product, but might own come into contact with it during production or packaging. Companies are not required to label for cross-contamination risk, though some voluntarily do so. You may see statements such as «May contain…,» «Processed in a facility that also processes…,» or «Manufactured on equipment also used for ….»

Because products without such statements also might be cross-contaminated and the company did not label for it, it’s always best to contact the company to see if the product could contain your child’s allergen.

Glance for this information on the company’s website or email a company representative.

Cross-contamination also can happen at home or in restaurants when kitchen surfaces or utensils are used for diverse foods.

No parent wants to see their kid suffer. Any kid can develop allergies, but they are more common in children from families with a history of allergies. Since it’s impossible for parents to control absolutely everything that their kid is exposed to or eats, parents should instead focus on monitoring their kid for symptoms.

Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your kid.

If your son or daughter is struggling, take control of the situation and consult an allergist today.

Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your child.

Diagnosis

Seasonal allergies are fairly simple to identify because the pattern of symptoms returns from year to year following exposure to an allergen.

Talk with your doctor if you ponder your kid might own allergies. The doctor will enquire about symptoms and when they appear and, based on the answers and a physical exam, should be capable to make a diagnosis.

If not, the doctor may refer you to an allergist for blood tests or allergy skin tests.

To discover an allergy’s cause, allergists generally do skin tests in one of two ways:

  • coughing
  • a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
  • Soy. Soy allergy is more common among babies than older kids. Numerous infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are also allergic to the protein in soy formulas. Soy proteins are often a hidden ingredient in prepared foods.
  • swelling
  • stomachache
  • itchy nose and/or throat
  • coughing
  • Peanuts and tree nuts. Peanut allergies are on the rise, and as are allergies to tree nuts, such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, and cashews.

    Most people do not outgrow peanut or tree nut allergies.

  • vomiting
  • sneezing
  • trouble breathing
  • A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is pricked with a little pricking device.If a kid reacts to the allergen, the skin will swell a little in that area.
  • hoarseness
  • School pets: Furry animals in school may cause problems for allergic children. If your kid has allergy or asthma symptoms while at school including coughing, difficulty breathing, a rash, runny nose or sneezing, it could be the class pet.
  • Asthma and physical education: Physical education and sports are a large part of the school day for numerous children.

    What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

    Having asthma does not mean eliminating these activities. Children with asthma and other allergic diseases should be capable to participate in any sport the kid chooses, provided the doctor’s advice is followed. Asthma symptoms during exercise may indicate poor control, so be certain that your kid is taking controller asthma medications on a regular basis. Often medication istered by an inhaler is prescribed before exercise to control symptoms.

  • Eggs. Egg allergy can be a challenge for parents.

    Eggs are used in numerous of the foods kids eat — and in numerous cases they’re «hidden» ingredients. Kids tend to outgrow egg allergies as they get older.

  • hives
  • Stomach upset
  • itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
  • Difficulty breathing (asthma)
  • clear, runny nose
  • throat tightness
  • Wheat. Wheat proteins are found in numerous foods, and some are more obvious than others. Although wheat allergy is often confused with celiac disease, there is a difference. Celiac disease is a sensitivity to gluten (found in wheat, rye, and barley). But a wheat allergy can do more than make a person feel ill — love other food allergies, it also can cause a life-threatening reaction.
  • nasal congestion
  • Sneezing, coughing, a runny nose or itchy eyes
  • Skin rashes or hives (atopic dermatitis or eczema)
  • Cow’s milk(or cow’s milk protein). Between 2% and 3% of children younger than 3 years ancient are allergic to the proteins found in cow’s milk and cow’s milk-based formulas.

    Most formulas are cow’s milk-based. Milk proteins also can be a hidden ingredient in prepared foods. Numerous kids outgrow milk allergies.

  • wheezing
  • Fish and shellfish. These allergies are some of the more common adult food allergies and ones that people generally don’t outgrow. Fish and shellfish are from diverse families of food, so having an allergy to one does not necessarily mean someone will be allergicto the other.
  • diarrhea
  • A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin.

    This test stings a little but isn’t extremely painful. After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area appears (like a mosquito bite) at the injection site, the test is positive.

  • Dust irritation: At school, children with allergic problems may need to sit away from the blackboard to avoid irritation from chalk dust.

Even if a skin test or a blood test shows an allergy, a kid must also own symptoms to be definitively diagnosed with an allergy. For example, a kid who has a positive test for grass pollen and sneezes a lot while playing in the grass would be considered allergic to grass pollen.

Allergy Symptoms in Children

  1. Sneezing, coughing, a runny nose or itchy eyes
  2. Difficulty breathing (asthma)
  3. Skin rashes or hives (atopic dermatitis or eczema)
  4. Stomach upset

Food allergies

As numerous as 6 million children in the United States own some form of food allergy.

If a new mom is breast-feeding, some especially sensitive babies can own allergic reactions to foods their mothers eat.

Babies can be tested for allergies. Eliminating these foods from the mother’s diet may provide relief for the child.

The most common allergies in children are to peanuts and milk; other frequently seen triggers include eggs, fish, shellfish (crab, lobster, crayfish and shrimp), soy, tree nuts (for example, pecans, cashews and walnuts) and wheat. The most severe reactions are typically to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish — every allergies that can final a lifetime.

Children often outgrow allergies to milk, eggs, soy and wheat.

All parents of a kid with a food allergy should be aware of the possibility of anaphylaxis — a potentially life-threatening reaction that impairs breathing, causes a sudden drop in blood pressure and can send a body into shock. For that reason, most children with food allergies are prescribed epinephrine (adrenaline), istered with an auto-injector as soon as symptoms develop.

Who Gets Allergies?

The tendency to develop allergies is often hereditary, which means it can be passed below through genes from parents to their kids.

But just because you, your partner, or one of your children might own allergies doesn’t mean that every of your kids will definitely get them. And someone generally doesn’t inherit a particular allergy, just the likelihood of having allergies.

Some kids own allergies even if no family member is allergic, and those who are allergic to one thing are likely to be allergic to others.

About Seasonal Allergies

«Achoo!» It’s your son’s third sneezing fit of the morning, and as you hand him another tissue you wonder if these cold-like symptoms — the sneezing, congestion, and runny nose — own something to do with the recent weather change.

If he gets similar symptoms at the same time every year, you’re likely right: seasonal allergies are at work.

Seasonal allergies, sometimes called «hay fever» or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, generally when outdoor molds release their spores, and trees, grasses, and weeds release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants.

The immune systems of people who are allergic to mold spores or pollen treat these particles (called allergens) as invaders and release chemicals, including histamine, into the bloodstream to defend against them.

It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergy symptoms.

People can be allergic to one or more types of pollen or mold. The type someone is allergic to determines when symptoms happen. For example, in the mid-Atlantic states, tree pollination is February through May, grass pollen runs from May through June, and weed pollen is from August through October — so kids with these allergies are likely to own increased symptoms at those times. Mold spores tend to peak midsummer through the drop, depending on location.

Even kids who own never had seasonal allergies in years past can develop them.

Seasonal allergies can start at almost any age, though they generally develop by the time someone is 10 years ancient and reach their peak in the early twenties, with symptoms often disappearing later in adulthood.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Allergies?

The type and severity of allergy symptoms vary from allergy to allergy and person to person.

What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

Allergies may show up as itchy eyes, sneezing, a stuffy nose, throat tightness, trouble breathing, vomiting, and even fainting or passing out.

Kids with severe allergies (such as those to food, medicine, or insect venom) can be at risk for a sudden, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can happen just seconds after being exposed to an allergen or not until a few hours later (if the reaction is from a food).

So doctors will desire anyone diagnosed with a life-threatening allergy to carry an epinephrine auto-injector in case of an emergency. Epinephrine works quickly against serious allergy symptoms; for example, it reduces swelling and raises low blood pressure.

Common Food Allergens

Up to 2 million, or 8%, of kids in the United States are affected by food allergies.

Eight foods account for most of those: cow’s milk, eggs, fish and shellfish, peanuts and tree nuts, soy, and wheat.

  1. Soy. Soy allergy is more common among babies than older kids. Numerous infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are also allergic to the protein in soy formulas. Soy proteins are often a hidden ingredient in prepared foods.
  2. Peanuts and tree nuts. Peanut allergies are on the rise, and as are allergies to tree nuts, such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, and cashews. Most people do not outgrow peanut or tree nut allergies.
  3. Cow’s milk(or cow’s milk protein). Between 2% and 3% of children younger than 3 years ancient are allergic to the proteins found in cow’s milk and cow’s milk-based formulas.

    Most formulas are cow’s milk-based. Milk proteins also can be a hidden ingredient in prepared foods. Numerous kids outgrow milk allergies.

  4. Eggs. Egg allergy can be a challenge for parents. Eggs are used in numerous of the foods kids eat — and in numerous cases they’re «hidden» ingredients. Kids tend to outgrow egg allergies as they get older.
  5. Fish and shellfish. These allergies are some of the more common adult food allergies and ones that people generally don’t outgrow.

    Fish and shellfish are from diverse families of food, so having an allergy to one does not necessarily mean someone will be allergicto the other.

  6. Wheat. Wheat proteins are found in numerous foods, and some are more obvious than others. Although wheat allergy is often confused with celiac disease, there is a difference. Celiac disease is a sensitivity to gluten (found in wheat, rye, and barley). But a wheat allergy can do more than make a person feel ill — love other food allergies, it also can cause a life-threatening reaction.

Food, Medicines, or Insect Allergy Symptoms

  1. swelling
  2. diarrhea
  3. trouble breathing
  4. throat tightness
  5. stomachache
  6. hives
  7. vomiting
  8. coughing
  9. hoarseness
  10. itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
  11. wheezing
  12. a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness

Allergic reactions can vary.

Sometimes, a person can own a mild reaction that affects only one body system, love hives on the skin. Other times, the reaction can be more serious and involve more than one part of the body. A mild reaction in the past does not mean that future reactions will be mild.

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)

Allergic rhinitis is the most common childhood ailment caused by allergies. Symptoms include a runny and itchy nose, sneezing, postnasal drip and nasal congestion (blockage). A kid with allergies may also own itchy, watery, red eyes and chronic ear problems.

Even though it’s commonly known as “hay fever,” allergic rhinitis isn’t triggered by hay and doesn’t cause fever.

How Do Allergies Happen?

An allergy happens when the immune system& overreacts to an allergen, treating it as an invader and trying to fight it off. This causes symptoms that can range from annoying to serious or even life-threatening.

In an attempt to protect the body, the immune system makes antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These antibodies then cause certain cells to release chemicals (including histamine) into the bloodstream to defend against the allergen «invader.»

It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergic reactions.

Reactions can affect the eyes, nose, throat, lungs, skin, and gastrointestinal tract. Future exposure to that same allergen will trigger this allergic response again.

Some allergies are seasonal and happen only at certain times of the year (like when pollen counts are high); others can happen anytime someone comes in contact with an allergen. So, when a person with a food allergy eats that specific food or someone who’s allergic to dust mites is exposed to them, they will own an allergic reaction.

Signs and Symptoms

If your kid develops a «cold» at the same time every year, seasonal allergies might be to blame.

Allergy symptoms, which generally come on suddenly and final as endless as a person is exposed to the allergen, can include:

  1. clear, runny nose
  2. nasal congestion
  3. sneezing
  4. itchy nose and/or throat
  5. coughing

These symptoms often come with itchy, watery, and/or red eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis. Kids who own wheezing and shortness of breath in addition to these symptoms might own allergies that triggerasthma.

Allergies and school

Your child’s school should be informed of any allergies. If your kid has asthma or a severe allergy, give a copy of your child’s action plan to the school nurse or the istrative office.

Also, discuss your child’s access to medication, including epinephrine (adrenaline), in case of an emergency.

  1. Asthma and physical education: Physical education and sports are a large part of the school day for numerous children. Having asthma does not mean eliminating these activities. Children with asthma and other allergic diseases should be capable to participate in any sport the kid chooses, provided the doctor’s advice is followed.

    Asthma symptoms during exercise may indicate poor control, so be certain that your kid is taking controller asthma medications on a regular basis. Often medication istered by an inhaler is prescribed before exercise to control symptoms.

  2. School pets: Furry animals in school may cause problems for allergic children. If your kid has allergy or asthma symptoms while at school including coughing, difficulty breathing, a rash, runny nose or sneezing, it could be the class pet.
  3. Dust irritation: At school, children with allergic problems may need to sit away from the blackboard to avoid irritation from chalk dust.

Do you suspect your kid has an allergy?

The symptoms could be a sign of a serious issue. Don’t delay: Discover an allergist today.

What’s an allergy?

An allergy is an immune reaction to a substance in the environment called an allergen.

When a kid with allergies comes into contact with an allergen either by touching it, breathing it, eating it, or having it injected her body mistakenly views it as a dangerous invader and releases histamines and other chemicals to fight it off.

These chemicals irritate the body and cause symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, itching, and coughing.

Symptoms can be mild or more severe, intermittent (seasonal, for example), or ongoing because of constant exposure to the allergen.

In some cases, an allergen can cause a severe reaction, called anaphylactic shock. This is a medical emergency, as the symptoms including difficulty breathing and swelling can be life threatening.

Even if a skin test or a blood test shows an allergy, a kid must also own symptoms to be definitively diagnosed with an allergy. For example, a kid who has a positive test for grass pollen and sneezes a lot while playing in the grass would be considered allergic to grass pollen.

Allergy Symptoms in Children

  1. Sneezing, coughing, a runny nose or itchy eyes
  2. Difficulty breathing (asthma)
  3. Skin rashes or hives (atopic dermatitis or eczema)
  4. Stomach upset

Food allergies

As numerous as 6 million children in the United States own some form of food allergy.

If a new mom is breast-feeding, some especially sensitive babies can own allergic reactions to foods their mothers eat.

Babies can be tested for allergies. Eliminating these foods from the mother’s diet may provide relief for the child.

The most common allergies in children are to peanuts and milk; other frequently seen triggers include eggs, fish, shellfish (crab, lobster, crayfish and shrimp), soy, tree nuts (for example, pecans, cashews and walnuts) and wheat. The most severe reactions are typically to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish — every allergies that can final a lifetime. Children often outgrow allergies to milk, eggs, soy and wheat.

All parents of a kid with a food allergy should be aware of the possibility of anaphylaxis — a potentially life-threatening reaction that impairs breathing, causes a sudden drop in blood pressure and can send a body into shock.

For that reason, most children with food allergies are prescribed epinephrine (adrenaline), istered with an auto-injector as soon as symptoms develop.

Who Gets Allergies?

The tendency to develop allergies is often hereditary, which means it can be passed below through genes from parents to their kids. But just because you, your partner, or one of your children might own allergies doesn’t mean that every of your kids will definitely get them. And someone generally doesn’t inherit a particular allergy, just the likelihood of having allergies.

Some kids own allergies even if no family member is allergic, and those who are allergic to one thing are likely to be allergic to others.

About Seasonal Allergies

«Achoo!» It’s your son’s third sneezing fit of the morning, and as you hand him another tissue you wonder if these cold-like symptoms — the sneezing, congestion, and runny nose — own something to do with the recent weather change.

If he gets similar symptoms at the same time every year, you’re likely right: seasonal allergies are at work.

Seasonal allergies, sometimes called «hay fever» or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, generally when outdoor molds release their spores, and trees, grasses, and weeds release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants.

The immune systems of people who are allergic to mold spores or pollen treat these particles (called allergens) as invaders and release chemicals, including histamine, into the bloodstream to defend against them.

It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergy symptoms.

People can be allergic to one or more types of pollen or mold. The type someone is allergic to determines when symptoms happen. For example, in the mid-Atlantic states, tree pollination is February through May, grass pollen runs from May through June, and weed pollen is from August through October — so kids with these allergies are likely to own increased symptoms at those times. Mold spores tend to peak midsummer through the drop, depending on location.

Even kids who own never had seasonal allergies in years past can develop them. Seasonal allergies can start at almost any age, though they generally develop by the time someone is 10 years ancient and reach their peak in the early twenties, with symptoms often disappearing later in adulthood.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Allergies?

The type and severity of allergy symptoms vary from allergy to allergy and person to person.

Allergies may show up as itchy eyes, sneezing, a stuffy nose, throat tightness, trouble breathing, vomiting, and even fainting or passing out.

Kids with severe allergies (such as those to food, medicine, or insect venom) can be at risk for a sudden, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can happen just seconds after being exposed to an allergen or not until a few hours later (if the reaction is from a food).

So doctors will desire anyone diagnosed with a life-threatening allergy to carry an epinephrine auto-injector in case of an emergency.

Epinephrine works quickly against serious allergy symptoms; for example, it reduces swelling and raises low blood pressure.

Common Food Allergens

Up to 2 million, or 8%, of kids in the United States are affected by food allergies. Eight foods account for most of those: cow’s milk, eggs, fish and shellfish, peanuts and tree nuts, soy, and wheat.

  1. Soy. Soy allergy is more common among babies than older kids. Numerous infants who are allergic to cow’s milk are also allergic to the protein in soy formulas.

    Soy proteins are often a hidden ingredient in prepared foods.

  2. Peanuts and tree nuts. Peanut allergies are on the rise, and as are allergies to tree nuts, such as almonds, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, and cashews. Most people do not outgrow peanut or tree nut allergies.
  3. Cow’s milk(or cow’s milk protein). Between 2% and 3% of children younger than 3 years ancient are allergic to the proteins found in cow’s milk and cow’s milk-based formulas.

    Most formulas are cow’s milk-based. Milk proteins also can be a hidden ingredient in prepared foods. Numerous kids outgrow milk allergies.

  4. Eggs. Egg allergy can be a challenge for parents. Eggs are used in numerous of the foods kids eat — and in numerous cases they’re «hidden» ingredients. Kids tend to outgrow egg allergies as they get older.
  5. Fish and shellfish. These allergies are some of the more common adult food allergies and ones that people generally don’t outgrow.

    Fish and shellfish are from diverse families of food, so having an allergy to one does not necessarily mean someone will be allergicto the other.

  6. Wheat. Wheat proteins are found in numerous foods, and some are more obvious than others. Although wheat allergy is often confused with celiac disease, there is a difference. Celiac disease is a sensitivity to gluten (found in wheat, rye, and barley). But a wheat allergy can do more than make a person feel ill — love other food allergies, it also can cause a life-threatening reaction.

Food, Medicines, or Insect Allergy Symptoms

  1. swelling
  2. diarrhea
  3. trouble breathing
  4. throat tightness
  5. stomachache
  6. hives
  7. vomiting
  8. coughing
  9. hoarseness
  10. itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
  11. wheezing
  12. a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness

Allergic reactions can vary.

Sometimes, a person can own a mild reaction that affects only one body system, love hives on the skin. Other times, the reaction can be more serious and involve more than one part of the body.

What to do for an baby with seasonal allergies

A mild reaction in the past does not mean that future reactions will be mild.

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)

Allergic rhinitis is the most common childhood ailment caused by allergies. Symptoms include a runny and itchy nose, sneezing, postnasal drip and nasal congestion (blockage). A kid with allergies may also own itchy, watery, red eyes and chronic ear problems. Even though it’s commonly known as “hay fever,” allergic rhinitis isn’t triggered by hay and doesn’t cause fever.

How Do Allergies Happen?

An allergy happens when the immune system& overreacts to an allergen, treating it as an invader and trying to fight it off.

This causes symptoms that can range from annoying to serious or even life-threatening.

In an attempt to protect the body, the immune system makes antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These antibodies then cause certain cells to release chemicals (including histamine) into the bloodstream to defend against the allergen «invader.»

It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergic reactions. Reactions can affect the eyes, nose, throat, lungs, skin, and gastrointestinal tract. Future exposure to that same allergen will trigger this allergic response again.

Some allergies are seasonal and happen only at certain times of the year (like when pollen counts are high); others can happen anytime someone comes in contact with an allergen.

So, when a person with a food allergy eats that specific food or someone who’s allergic to dust mites is exposed to them, they will own an allergic reaction.

Signs and Symptoms

If your kid develops a «cold» at the same time every year, seasonal allergies might be to blame. Allergy symptoms, which generally come on suddenly and final as endless as a person is exposed to the allergen, can include:

  1. clear, runny nose
  2. nasal congestion
  3. sneezing
  4. itchy nose and/or throat
  5. coughing

These symptoms often come with itchy, watery, and/or red eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis.

Kids who own wheezing and shortness of breath in addition to these symptoms might own allergies that triggerasthma.

Allergies and school

Your child’s school should be informed of any allergies. If your kid has asthma or a severe allergy, give a copy of your child’s action plan to the school nurse or the istrative office. Also, discuss your child’s access to medication, including epinephrine (adrenaline), in case of an emergency.

  1. Asthma and physical education: Physical education and sports are a large part of the school day for numerous children. Having asthma does not mean eliminating these activities. Children with asthma and other allergic diseases should be capable to participate in any sport the kid chooses, provided the doctor’s advice is followed.

    Asthma symptoms during exercise may indicate poor control, so be certain that your kid is taking controller asthma medications on a regular basis. Often medication istered by an inhaler is prescribed before exercise to control symptoms.

  2. School pets: Furry animals in school may cause problems for allergic children. If your kid has allergy or asthma symptoms while at school including coughing, difficulty breathing, a rash, runny nose or sneezing, it could be the class pet.
  3. Dust irritation: At school, children with allergic problems may need to sit away from the blackboard to avoid irritation from chalk dust.

Do you suspect your kid has an allergy?

The symptoms could be a sign of a serious issue. Don’t delay: Discover an allergist today.

What’s an allergy?

An allergy is an immune reaction to a substance in the environment called an allergen.

When a kid with allergies comes into contact with an allergen either by touching it, breathing it, eating it, or having it injected her body mistakenly views it as a dangerous invader and releases histamines and other chemicals to fight it off.

These chemicals irritate the body and cause symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, itching, and coughing.

Symptoms can be mild or more severe, intermittent (seasonal, for example), or ongoing because of constant exposure to the allergen.

In some cases, an allergen can cause a severe reaction, called anaphylactic shock. This is a medical emergency, as the symptoms including difficulty breathing and swelling can be life threatening.


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