What to bathe a dog with allergies
If your child’s allergies aren’t too severe, you may be capable to take some steps to reduce your child’s symptoms and hold your pet. For instance:
Keep pets out of the bedroom. Make your child’s room a pet-free zone and be certain to hold it clean. To hold the room pet dander- and pollen-free, install a high-efficiency air filter and air purifier. Remember to change the filters frequently.
Cover your child’s bed with additional protection.
You can purchase dust mite covers for your child’s pillow, blanket, and mattress. This will also assist hold out dust mites, another potential allergy trigger, in addition to allergens love pet dander.
Go for hard surfaces. Where you can, replace upholstered surfaces with non-fabric or easily washable materials. Pet dander sticks to upholstery, drapes, curtains, and carpeting more easily than it does to surfaces such as wood, vinyl, or tile.
Plus, the latter are easier to clean. For this reason, you also shouldn’t let your allergic kid sleep with stuffed animals, Dr. Nassef adds.
If you must own carpet in your child’s bedroom or elsewhere in your home, select a low-pile one and own it steam-cleaned regularly.
Bathe your pet weekly. Weekly baths can significantly reduce the quantity of allergy-causing dander your pet sheds. If possible, enquire a non-allergic member of your household to bathe the pet and be certain to wash that person’s clothes afterward. Wearing gloves may also assist. Enquire your veterinarian to recommend the best soaps and shampoos. Caution: Bathing too frequently can own the opposite effect. It can dry your pet’s skin and cause the animal to shed more dander.
Teach your kid to wash his hands with soap and water after touching the pet.
Washing helps prevent the spread of allergens to your child’s nose, eyes, and mouth — which is especially significant if your kid gets a rash from having been licked by your pet, Nassef says.
Talk to your allergist about treatment. “Medications work for allergy symptoms regardless of the trigger — pollen, pet dander, etc.,” Nassef says. “But not every medications work equally well for every symptoms.” That’s why it’s significant to work with your doctor and tailor your child’s allergy medications to his or her symptoms.
Consult your veterinarian.
Your veterinarian can recommend a diet for your pet that’s wealthy in vitamins and minerals, which can assist your pet’s skin retain its moisture and not shed as much. Love people, pets can benefit from omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, according to the Partnership for Animal Welfare in Greenbelt, Maryland.
Every family has to decide for themselves whether they can manage their children’s pet allergies with a cat or dog, Nassef says. “The best solution for pet allergies is to not own a pet,» she says, «but numerous people consider pets part of their family and getting rid of the pet is out of the question.”
Regular grooming is essential for every dogs, even short-coated ones.
Grooming for 15 to 30 minutes weekly helps reduce the quantity of hair shed in the home. Long-haired breeds need grooming more frequently. Start when your dog is young so that your dog gets used to the thought as a puppy.
Dogs with normal healthy coats only need bathing every few months. Use a excellent quality baby shampoo. Dry shampoos are only cosmetic – they are no substitute for a bath with shampoo.
- Do not apply protective eye ointments – these may trap shampoo in the eye and make it hard to rinse out
- Wash your dog’s face carefully whilst avoiding getting shampoo in the eyes
- Wet the jacket first with warm water then apply shampoo along the neck and back – you can dilute one part shampoo to five parts water first for easier rinsing.
Use more water to create a lather then work this gently into the jacket with your fingers – or a rubber brush for long-haired breeds.
- Wear gloves and an apron to avoid contact with your own skin and read the instructions carefully – some dips for mange, for example, should not be rinsed off
- Avoid getting water in your dog’s ears – put some cotton wool in each ear if necessary
- If you own to apply solutions to the dog’s face, cut a bath sponge into little cubes and use these to carefully dab the solution on, avoiding contact with the eyes and lips.
If the jacket is greasy or dirty, enquire your vet to recommend a shampoo to use first. Work the shampoo well into the jacket so that it reaches the skin, and leave it on for the length of time stated on the label – generally between five and ten minutes.
- Rinsing must be thorough, getting correct below to the skin, as any remaining shampoo can cause irritation. If you bathe your pet frequently, consider using a jacket conditioner – discuss the choice with your vet.
- Brush your dog thoroughly beforehand. Clip off any matted hair first as this is harder to remove once the jacket is wet. Be careful not to cut your dog’s skin.
- Only use medicated shampoos if they are prescribed by your vet
- Towel-dry your dog and hold the animal warm until their jacket is properly dry.
Brush medium- and long-haired animals gently while damp. Hairdryers can dry out or irritate an animal’s skin – their use is probably best avoided.
The low allergy diet didn’t work – what about an allergy test?
Allergies can be caused by things other than flea bites or food.
Home dust mites, pollens and moulds are also common causes. Some dogs own multiple allergies – a condition known as atopy.
Allergy tests can be helpful, but they do not always give the finish picture. They are not always needed to confirm diagnosis, as vets can do this by excluding other causes of itchiness and looking at the pattern of the itch. For example, some allergies are seasonal – there is more pollen in the summer, whilst moulds are more common in damp weather. In addition, medication has to be stopped some time before testing and, in a severely itchy dog, this may not be practical.
Allergy testing is needed if you wish to attempt injections for desensitisation.
These assist some dogs, but own to be given lifelong thereafter.
My dog is 18 months ancient and the vet says he may own a food allergy – but he is always fed the same food
In normal circumstances, our immune system acts to protect us from attack by “foreign” substances, such as bacteria and viruses, thus preventing disease. However, in allergic individuals, the immune system over-reacts to essentially harmless substances, such as pollens, home dust or food proteins. People wheeze or sneeze, but dogs tend to get an itchy skin – some of these dogs will own food allergies.
The only way to diagnose this is by trial feeding a low allergy diet and seeing if the condition improves.
Some animals and people are born with the tendency to develop allergies, but they do not generally show symptoms from birth. Signs often do not come on until six months of age, or even later in life – because a endless period of contact with the allergen is needed.
My dog keeps getting sore, itchy patches. The vet says it is fleas – but I own never seen a flea on him!
You will not see fleas on your pet unless they own extremely numerous. Fleas only spend about ten per cent of their time actually on an animal. Their eggs tend to build up in cracks and crevices, such as below the sides of armchairs.
Eggs survive for at least six months and, in warmer months, fleas can even lay eggs outdoors. They are the most common cause of skin problems, but are often hard to discover. The only way to be certain your pet does not own them is by using regular excellent quality flea control.
The flea’s lifestyle makes prevention hard. You must treat your dog, home and other areas, such as your car and garage, generally with an aerosol spray. You can also get treatments for your dog, which will stop fleas from developing. Even so, it can take a endless time to get rid of a flea infestation, and regular treatment is essential for every dogs, cats and rabbits in the household.
Enquire your vet for a excellent quality product, and follow the instructions carefully.
Flea combs, powders, shampoos and collars are not effective for flea control as none of them provides a suitable long-term solution. Herbal products are also ineffective and some (eg tea tree oil) can be toxic.
So should I purchase another brand of food?
Unfortunately it is not so simple. Most common brands of pet food – even numerous of those described as low allergy or hypoallergenic – contain multiple ingredients. What is needed is a simple diet, preferably of ingredients the dog has not had before, as you are aiming to avoid the foods which produce the allergy.
Your vet can recommend special commercial foods or advise on a home-cooked diet. Special hydrolysed protein diets are also available from the vet, which can be useful in diagnosis and treatment of food allergy.
Can anything be done to stop the itch?
For most allergic animals, a single course of tablets will not produce a cure – a lifelong treatment plan is required. Sometimes, simple therapies, such as regular bathing with a medicated shampoo can help.
Good quality flea control is always essential, because itches can “add up”. A dog with an allergy to moulds will itch much more if there are also fleas present.
Your vet may be capable to propose ways of reducing exposure to common allergens, such as avoiding dog-walking on grass.
Several drugs may be used in the treatment of your pet.
Scratching and licking causes skin damage, which leads to infection with bacteria or yeast.
This in turn increases the itch. Treating the infection often helps.
Antihistamines work for some dogs, but steroids or other immunosuppressants are necessary for others. There are concerns about side effects and your vet will tailor treatment to minimise these. Newer drugs are becoming available to suppress the immune response and your vet may propose these if appropriate. Remember to always follow your vet’s instructions carefully.