What kind of food allergies cause headaches

Food

Main article: Food allergy

Name Potential reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters. Present in numerous foods, such as coffee, flavored tea, wine, beer, gin, liqueurs, apéritifs (e.g. vermouth, bitters), soft drinks including cola, juice, citrus, citrus fruit peel, marmalade, tomatoes and tomato-containing products, Mexican and Italian foods with red sauces, ketchup, spices (e.g.

cloves, Jamaica pepper (allspice), cinnamon, nutmeg, paprika, curry, anise, and ginger), chili sauce, barbecue sauce, chutney, pickles, pickled vegetables, chocolate, vanilla, baked goods and pastries, pudding, ice cream, chewing gum, and candy.

Egg Anaphylaxis, swelling, sometimes flatulence and vomiting An allergic individual may not own any reaction to consuming food only prepared with yolk and not glair, or vice versa.
Fish Respiratory reactions, Anaphylaxis, oral allergy syndrome, sometimes vomiting One of three allergies to seafood, not to be conflated with allergies to crustaceans and mollusks.[1] Fish allergy sufferers own a 50% likelihood of being cross reactive with another fish species,[2] but some individuals are only allergic to one species, such as; tilapia,[3] salmon, [1] or cod.

A proper diagnosis is considered complicated due to these cross reactivity between fish species and other seafood allergies. [4] Hazard extends to exposure to cooking vapors or handling.

Fruit Mild itching, rash, generalized urticaria, oral allergy syndrome, abdominal pain, vomiting, anaphylaxis Mango, strawberries, banana, [5]avocado, and kiwi are common problems.[6] Severe allergies to tomatoes own also been reported.

[7][8]

Garlic Dermatitis, asymmetrical pattern of fissure, thickening/shedding of the outer skin layers,[9]anaphylaxis
Hot peppers Skin rash, hives, throat tightness, tongue swelling, possible vomiting
Oats Dermatitis, respiratory problems, anaphylaxis
Maize Hives, pallor, confusion, dizziness, stomach pain, swelling, vomiting, indigestion, diarrhea, cough, tightness in throat, wheezing, shortness of breath, anaphylaxis Often a hard allergy to manage due to the various food products which contain various forms of corn.

Milk[10] Skin rash, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, flatulence, nasal congestion, dermatitis, blisters, anaphylaxis Not to be confused with lactose intolerance.[11]
Peanut[12] Anaphylaxis and swelling, sometimes vomiting Includes some cold-pressed peanut oils. Distinct from tree nut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.
Poultry Meat[13] Hives, swelling of, or under the dermis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe oral allergy syndrome, shortness of breath, rarely anaphylactic shock Very rare allergies to chicken, turkey, squab, and sometimes more mildly to other avian meats.

Not to be confused with secondary reactions of bird-egg syndrome. The genuine allergy has no causal relationship with egg allergy, nor is there any shut association with red meat allergy. Prevalence still unknown as of [14]

Red Meat[15] Hives, swelling,[16] dermatitis, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath,[17], rarely anaphylaxis Allergies to the sugar carbohydrate found in beef, venison, lamb, and pork called alpha-gal. It is brought on by tick bites.[18][19] Allergic reaction to pork is an exception, as it may also be caused by pork-cat syndrome instead of alpha-gal allergy.

Rice Sneezing, runny nose, itching, stomachache, eczema. People with a rice allergy can be affected by eating rice or breathing in rice steam.
Sesame Possible respiratory, skin, and gastrointestinal reactions which can trigger serious systemic anaphylactic responses.[20][21] By law, foods containing sesame must be labeled so in European Union, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.[20]
Shellfish Respiratory symptoms, Anaphylaxis, oral allergy syndrome, gastrointestinal symptoms, rhinitis, conjunctivitis Shellfish allergies are highly cross reactive, but its prevalence is generally higher than that of fish allergy.

As of six allergens own been identified to prawn alone; along with crab it‘s the major culprit of seafood anaphylaxis.[1] In reference to it as one of the “Big 8” [22] or “major 14” allergens it is sometimes specified as a “crustacean shellfish” allergy, or more simply, a “crustacean allergy”.[23][24] Sometimes it is conflated with an allergy to molluscan shellfish but finish tolerance to one but not the other isn’t unusual. Most generally, a mono-sensitive individual will experience a crustacean allergy alone with tolerance to mollusks, rather than vice versa.[1]

Soy Anaphylaxis, sometimes vomiting
Sulfites Hives, rash, redness of skin, headache (particular frontal), burning behind eyes, breathing difficulties (anaphylaxis) Used as a preserving agent in numerous diverse foods, such as raisins, dried peaches, various other dried fruit, canned or frozen fruits and vegetables, wines, vinegars and processed meats.

Tartrazine Skin irritation, hives, rash Synthetic yellow food coloring, also used for bright green coloring
Tree nut[25] Anaphylaxis, swelling, rash, hives, sometimes vomiting Hazard extends to exposure to cooking vapors, or handling. Distinct from peanut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.
Wheat[26] Eczema (atopic dermatitis), Hives, asthma, hay fever, angioedema, abdominal cramps, Celiac disease, diarrhea, temporary (3 or 4 day) mental incompetence, anemia, nausea, and vomiting[27] Not to be confused with Celiac Disease or NCGS (Non Celiac Gluten Sensitivity).

While wheat allergies are «true» allergies, Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disease.[28]

medical

Main article: Drug allergy

Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters.

Present in numerous drugs, such as hemorrhoid suppositories and ointment (e.g. Anusol), cough medicine/suppressant and lozenges, diaper rash ointments, oral and lip ointments, tincture of benzoin, wound spray (it has been reported to inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as the common ulcer-causing bacteria H.

What helpful of food allergies cause headaches

pylori in test-tube studies), calamine lotion, surgical dressings, dental cement, eugenol used by dentists, some periodontal impression materials, and in the treatment of dry socket in dentistry.

Tetracycline Many, including: severe headache, dizziness, blurred vision, fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, severe blistering, peeling, dark colored urine[29][30][31]
Dilantin Many, including: swollen glands, simple bruising or bleeding, fever, sore throat[32][33][34]
Tegretol (carbamazepine) Shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue etc., hives[35][36][37]
Penicillin Diarrhea, hypersensitivity, nausea, rash, neurotoxicity, urticaria
Cephalosporins Maculopapular or morbilliform skin eruption, and less commonly urticaria, eosinophilia, serum-sickness–like reactions, and anaphylaxis.[38]
Sulfonamides Urinary tract disorders, haemopoietic disorders, porphyria and hypersensitivity reactions, Stevens–Johnson syndrometoxic epidermal necrolysis
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (cromolyn sodium, nedocromil sodium, etc.) Many, including: swollen eyes, lips, or tongue, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate[39]
Intravenous contrast dye Anaphylactoid reactions and contrast-induced nephropathy
Local anesthetics Urticaria and rash, dyspnea, wheezing, flushing, cyanosis, tachycardia[40]

Environmental

Main article: Allergy §Other environmental factors

Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters.

A number of national and international surveys own identified Balsam of Peru as being in the «top five» allergens most commonly causing patch test reactions in people referred to dermatology clinics.[41][42]
Pollen Sneezing, body ache, headache (in rare cases, extremely painful cluster headaches may happen due to allergic sinusitis; these may leave a temporary time period of 1 and a half to 2 days with eye sensitivity), allergic conjunctivitis (includes watery, red, swelled, itchy, and irritating eyes), runny nose, irritation of the nose, nasal congestion, minor fatigue, chest pain and discomfort, coughing, sore throat, facial discomfort (feeling of stuffed face) due to allergic sinusitis, possible asthma attack, wheezing
Cat Sneezing, itchy swollen eyes, rash, congestion, wheezing
Dog Rash, sneezing, congestion, wheezing, vomiting from coughing, Sometimes itchy welts.

Caused by dander, saliva or urine of dogs, or by dust, pollen or other allergens that own been carried on the fur.[43] Allergy to dogs is present in as much as 10 percent of the population.[43]
Insect sting Hives, wheezing, possible anaphylaxis Possible from bee or wasp stings, or bites from mosquitoes or flies love Leptoconops torrens.
Mold Sneeze, coughing, itchy, discharge from the nose, respiratory irritation, congested feeling,[44] joint aches, headaches, fatigue[45]
Perfume Itchy eyes, runny nose, sore throat, headaches, muscle/joint pain, asthma attack, wheezing, chest pain, blisters
Cosmetics Contact dermatitis,[46] irritant contact dermatitis, inflammation, redness,[47] conjunctivitis[48] ,sneezing
Semen Burning, pain and swelling, possibly for days, swelling or blisters, vaginal redness,[49] fever, runny nose, extreme fatigue[50][51][52][53][54] In a case study in Switzerland, a lady who was allergic to Balsam of Peru was allergic to her boyfriend’s semen following intercourse, after he drank large amounts of Coca-Cola.[55]
Latex Contact dermatitis, hypersensitivity
Water (see note) Epidermal itching Strictly aquagenic pruritus or aquagenic urticaria, but freezing urticaria may also be described as a «water allergy,» in which water may cause hives and anaphylaxis
House dust mite[56] Asthma Home allergen reduction may be recommended
Nickel (nickel sulfate hexahydrate) Allergic contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema[57][58]
Gold (gold sodium thiosulfate) Allergic contact dermatitis
Chromium Allergic contact dermatitis
Cobalt chloride Allergic contact dermatitis
Formaldehyde Allergic contact dermatitis
Photographic developers Allergic contact dermatitis
Fungicide Allergic contact dermatitis, fever, anaphylaxis

Contact

Many substances can cause an allergic reaction when in contact with the human integumentary system.


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Symptoms and Diagnosis

The most common symptoms of histamine intolerance are migraine headaches, digestive symptoms such as diarrhea, flushing, hives, eczema, and allergic rhinitis (the medical term for hay fever, although in this case it obviously doesn't involve any hay).

If you own symptoms regularly after eating high-histamine foods, that may lead you or your doctor to suspect a histamine intolerance.

What helpful of food allergies cause headaches

You may discover that keeping a food log helps you and your doctor to figure out the problem.

In histamine intolerance, the histamine can build up over time, which can make diagnosing this condition challenging — eating a high-histamine food (or more than one at the same time) may be enough to "push you over the edge" into symptoms one day, but may not be enough to do so on a diverse day. If you stay away from high histamine foods, you may be capable to reduce your build-up of histamine, which can reduce or eliminate your symptoms.


Further reading

What is food intolerance?

Food intolerance is a digestive system response rather than an immune system response.

It occurs when something in food irritates a person’s digestive system or when a person is unable to properly digest, or break below, the food. Intolerance to lactose, which is found in milk and other dairy products, is the most common food intolerance.

How common are food allergies and intolerances?

Food allergies affect about 1 percent of adults and 7 percent of children, although some children outgrow their allergies. Food intolerances are much more common. In fact, almost everyone at one time has had an unpleasant reaction to something they ate. Some people own specific food intolerances. Lactose intolerance, the most common specific food intolerance, affects about 10 percent of Americans.

Further reading

What is a food allergy?

A food allergy is an immune system response.

It is caused when the body mistakes an ingredient in food — generally a protein — as harmful and creates a defense system (antibodies) to fight it. An allergic reaction occurs when the antibodies are battling an "invading" food protein. The most common food allergies are shellfish, nuts, fish, eggs, peanuts, and milk.

How can you tell the difference between an allergy and intolerance to food?

Food allergies can be triggered by even a little quantity of the food and happen every time the food is consumed.

People with food allergies are generally advised to avoid the offending foods completely. On the other hand, food intolerances often are dose related; people with food intolerance may not own symptoms unless they eat a large portion of the food or eat the food frequently. For example, a person with lactose intolerance may be capable to drink milk in coffee or a single glass of milk, but becomes ill if he or she drinks several glasses of milk. Food allergies and intolerances also are diverse from food poisoning, which generally results from spoiled or tainted food and affects more than one person eating the food.

Your health care provider can assist determine if you own an allergy or intolerance, and establish a plan to assist control symptoms.

What are the symptoms of a food allergy?

Symptoms of a food allergy can range from mild to severe, and the quantity of food necessary to trigger a reaction varies from person to person. Symptoms of a food allergy may include:

Anaphylaxis is a extremely serious and potentially fatal allergic reaction that involves a sudden drop in blood pressure, loss of consciousness and body system failure.

What are the symptoms of food intolerance?

Symptoms of food intolerance include:

What causes food allergies and intolerances?

Food allergies arise from sensitivity to chemical compounds (proteins) in food, even compounds that are found naturally in food.

Food allergies are more common in people whose family members own allergies, suggesting a genetic — or hereditary — factor may be involved with the development of food allergies.

Food allergies develop after you are exposed to a food protein that your body thinks is harmful. The first time you eat the food containing the protein, your immune system responds by creating specific disease-fighting antibodies (called immunoglobulin E or IgE). When you eat the food again, it triggers the release of IgE antibodies and other chemicals, including histamine, in an effort to expel the protein "invader" from your body.

Histamine is a powerful chemical that can affect the respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, skin or cardiovascular system.

The allergy symptoms you own depend on where in the body the histamine is released. If it is released in the ears, nose and throat, you may own an itchy nose and mouth, or trouble breathing or swallowing. If histamine is released in the skin, you may develop hives or a rash. If histamine is released in the gastrointestinal tract, you likely will develop stomach pains, cramps or diarrhea.

Numerous people experience a combination of symptoms as the food is eaten and digested.

There are numerous factors that may contribute to food intolerance. In some cases — as with lactose intolerance — the person lacks the chemicals, called enzymes, necessary to properly digest certain proteins found in food. Also common are intolerances to some chemical ingredients added to food to provide color, enhance taste and protect against the growth of bacteria. These ingredients include various dyes and monosodium glutamate (MSG), a flavor enhancer.

Substances called sulfites, which may happen naturally — as in red wines — or may be added to prevent the growth of mold, also are a source of intolerance for some people.

The Food and Drug istration has banned the use of spray-on sulfates to preserve fruits and vegetables, but sulfates are still found naturally in some foods. Salicylates are a group of plant chemicals found naturally in numerous fruits, vegetables, nuts, coffee, juices, beer and wine. Aspirin also is a compound of the salicylate family. Foods containing salicylates may trigger symptoms in people who are sensitive to aspirin. Of course, any food consumed in excessive quantities can cause digestive symptoms.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/05/

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What helpful of food allergies cause headaches

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Avoiding High-Histamine Foods

Maintaining a strict histamine-free diet is the key to relief from histamine intolerance symptoms. Your doctor will discuss which foods you should avoid, but in general, fermented and aged foods, along with certain high-histamine vegetables, are most likely to cause problems.

Most foods that are high in histamine are highly processed or fermented. These include wine (especially red wine), aged cheese such as parmesan cheese, yeast-containing foods, and sauerkraut.

Spinach and tomatoes also are high in histamine.

In addition, while citrus fruits are not themselves considered high in histamine, they can trigger your body to release stored histamine. Therefore, people on a strict histamine-free diet are generally advised to avoid oranges, grapefruit, and another citrus.

All alcoholic beverages can be problematic for people with histamine intolerance because alcohol can make DAO, one of the enzymes your body uses to process histamine, less effective. Therefore, to follow a true histamine-free diet, you need to give up alcohol.

You should also let your doctor know about any medications, prescription or non-prescription, you're taking.

Some medications can affect the action of your histamine-processing enzymes. If you are on such a medication, your doctor may desire to adjust your dosage, switch you to a similar medication that doesn't affect histamine, or, if possible, take you off the medicine entirely.

A Expression From Verywell

While a histamine-free diet is the only long-term treatment for histamine intolerance, there are a couple of other treatments that may be useful. Benadryl (an over-the-counter antihistamine) may be useful if you accidentally eat a histamine-containing food or own to take a drug that can block histamine-processing enzyme activity.

There are also supplements that some doctors recommend for people with histamine intolerance.

They include high doses of vitamin C and vitamin B6 (which can stimulate the activity of those histamine-processing enzymes in your body), and capsules of the DAO enzyme to supplement the body's natural supply. Diem Labs, LLC, is the only manufacturer that sells DAO enzyme in the U.S.; looking for the brand name Umbrellux DAO.

However, while these treatments can assist, they're unfortunately not a substitute for a histamine-free diet. Talk to your doctor if you're interested in trying these supplements to see whether they could improve your symptoms.

Traditional allergy tests — skin prick tests and ELISA IgE antibody blood tests — can't diagnose histamine intolerance.

The only way you can discover out if you own the condition is by trying a histamine-free diet followed by a double-blind food challenge.

"Red wine migraines" are often histamine intolerance headaches, and red wine is indeed high in histamine.

Thanks for your feedback!

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Read our editorial policy to study more about how we fact-check and hold our content precise, dependable, and trustworthy.

  • Kovacova-Hanuskova E, Buday T, Gavliakova S, Plevkova J. Histamine, histamine intoxication and intolerance. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). ;43(5)  doi/

  • Smolinska S, Jutel M, Crameri R, O'mahony L.

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.


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