What kind of allergy medicine is safe for cats

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    11,


Dangers in urban environment

Toxic substances

The ASPCA lists some common sources of toxins[16] that pets encounter, including: plants,[17] human medications and cosmetics,[18] cleaning products,[19] and even foods.[20]

Some houseplants are harmful to cats. For example, the leaves of the Easter Lily can cause permanent and life-threatening kidney damage to cats, and Philodendron are also poisonous to cats.

The Cat Fanciers’ Association has a full list of plants harmful to cats.[21]

Paracetamol or acetaminophen (trade name Panadol and Tylenol) is extremely toxic to cats, and should not be given to them under any circumstances. Cats lack the necessary glucuronyl transferase enzymes to safely break paracetamol below and minute portions of a normal tablet for humans may prove fatal.[22] Initial symptoms include vomiting, salivation and discolouration of the tongue and gums.

After around two days, liver damage is evident, typically giving rise to jaundice. Unlike an overdose in humans, it is rarely liver damage that is the cause of death; instead, methaemoglobin formation and the production of Heinz bodies in red blood cells inhibit oxygen transport by the blood, causing asphyxiation. Effective treatment is occasionally possible for little doses, but must be extremely rapid.

Even aspirin, which is sometimes used to treat arthritis in cats, can be toxic and must be istered cautiously.[23] Similarly, application of minoxidil (Rogaine) to the skin of cats, either accidentally or by well-meaning owners attempting to counter loss of fur, has sometimes proved fatal.[24][25]

In addition to such obvious dangers as insecticides and weed killers, other common household substances that should be used with caution in areas where cats may be exposed include mothballs and other naphthalene products,[23] as well as phenol-based products often used for cleaning and disinfecting near cats’ feeding areas or litter boxes, such as Pine-Sol, Dettol (Lysol), hexachlorophene, etc.[23] which, although they are widely used without problem, own been sometimes seen to be fatal.[26] Essential oils are toxic to cats and there own been reported cases of serious illnesses caused by tea tree oil and tea tree oil-based flea treatments and shampoos.[27][28][29]

Many human foods are somewhat toxic to cats; theobromine in chocolate can cause theobromine poisoning, for instance, although few cats will eat chocolate.

Toxicity in cats ingesting relatively large amounts of onions or garlic has also been reported.[23]

Cats may be poisoned by numerous chemicals generally considered safe by their human guardians,[23] because their livers are less effective at some forms of detoxification.[30][31] Some of the most common causes of poisoning in cats are antifreeze and rodent baits.[32] Cats may be particularly sensitive to environmental pollutants.[23][33]

Ethylene glycol (antifreeze) poisoning

Cats can succumb quickly from ethylene glycol poisoning, after ingesting as little as one teaspoon.[34] The primary source of ethylene glycol is automotive antifreeze or radiator coolant, where concentrations are high.[34] Other sources of antifreeze include windshield deicing agents, brake fluid, motor oil, developing solutions for hobby photographers, wood stains, solvents, and paints.[34] Some people put antifreeze into their cabin’s toilet to prevent it from freezing during the winter, resulting in toxicities when animals drink from the toilet.[34] Little amounts of antifreeze may be contained in holiday ornaments such as snow globes.[34] A cat suspected of having ingested ethylene glycol requires immediate veterinary treatment, to get an antidote within three hours.

The earlier the treatment is started, the greater the chance of survival.[35]


External links

Cats are frequently wounded in fights with other cats, and if punctures and tears caused by bites are left untreated, the wounds can lead to serious infections, including abscesses.[1]A cat displaying heterochromia

Allergies

Allergies can be fairly common in cats, just as in people, and can manifest in a variety of symptoms. There are several things we can do to diagnose allergies and treat them.

Symptoms:

Allergy symptoms can be fairly variable in cats depending on the type of allergy and the body system affected.

Some of the symptoms we can see are:

o Over grooming. You may not see your cat grooming excessively, but you may see areas of thinned or no hair where they own licked it off. This is their way of scratching itchy skin. The most common areas seen are on the stomach, the hindquarters, and the legs, but they can do it anywhere on the body. Your cat may even groom so much that the skin becomes red, raw, and scabby.

o Miliary dermatitis. This is when you notice multiple little bumps or scabs in various areas on your cat?s skin.

The most common areas are on the back rear and around the neck, but again, these can show up anywhere. This is love the equivalent of an allergic rash on your cat.

o Rubbing excessively. Similar to over grooming, this primarily affects the skin above the eyes and on the ears. You may notice that the fur above your cat?s eyes is getting thinner and thinner, and that there are reddish scabs in the same area that are increasing in number. You may also notice that the hair on the ears is thinning out. This is from overaggressive rubbing of the face on objects due to itchy skin that they cannot get with their tongue.

o Excessive ear wax production. Numerous cats with allergies, even mild allergies, will own an increase in ear wax production from the systemic inflammation.

There are other causes as well for increased ear wax production such as yeast or bacterial infections, but allergies are the most common reason.

o Vomiting. This happens most commonly with food allergies, if there is enough of an inflammatory reaction from environmental allergies, these can also cause increased vomiting. The little intestine is a huge part of the immune system with lots of immune cells, so if the immune system is significantly inflamed from allergies, then the little intestine can also become inflamed, resulting in vomiting.

o Cracked paw pads. While not as common, allergies in some cats can cause a dry crackled appearance to your cat?s paw pads.

o Eosinophilic granuloma complex. This is a hypersensitivity reaction generally caused by allergies that can cause swollen ulcerated areas of the lips, or red intensely itchy large plaque love scabby areas on your cat?s skin.

o Scooting. In rare cases, allergies can cause a thickening and itchiness of your cat?s anal sacs resulting in scooting on the carpet to attempt and itch the rear finish.

This can also be caused by impacted anal sacs, so if your cat is doing this, please let us know so we can check for impaction.

o Coughing. While most commonly caused by asthma, coughing can also be triggered by allergies.

Diagnosis:

There are a few diagnostic tests that we can do to diagnose allergies, either definitively or presumptively. These are:

o Allergy testing. This is the ideal test for allergies, but even this is not %.

There are two types of allergy tests that can be done to diagnose allergies in your cat ? a blood test looking for antigens and antibodies to allergens, or a skin test to determine which antigens your cat will react to. Neither test is inexpensive.

The skin test will generally only be done by a veterinary dermatologist. The skin test is considered more precise, but also more time consuming and invasive. If you are interested in doing the skin test, we can refer you to a board certified veterinary dermatologist who is a few hours away.

The blood test is done much more commonly since any veterinarian can draw blood and send it into a specialized lab.

There are multiple labs who act out this test, however not every labs are equal, and you may not always get precise results. We use Heska labs, considered one of the most precise in the country by most immunologists.

o Diet trials. Since numerous causes of allergies can be food allergies, we may desire to attempt doing a hypo allergenic food allergy trial. Since your cat cannot physically be allergic to something they own never eaten, a food trial consists of feeding your cat a commercial prescription hypoallergenic diet that does not contain any ingredients found in any over the counter diets.

For this to be effective as a trial, it must be fed exclusively for weeks.

o Biopsies. If your cat has skin lesions or is vomiting, and we are not certain if it is allergies are the cause, we can do full thickness biopsies of your cat?s skin or little intestine to determine if allergies are the culprit. This only tells us if allergies are the cause, it does not tell us what the specific allergens are, so we do not do this commonly.

o Response to treatment. If your cat cannot do a hypoallergenic diet trial, then we may just attempt allergy treatment, and see if they respond.

Treatments:

Antihistamines. These only work for some cats.

It is an inexpensive treatment that you can purchase over the counter at the drugstore in pill form. If you cannot pill, we do own some alternative routes of giving antihistamines.

o Zyrtec (cetirizine). You can give your cat of a 10mg tablet (5mg) once daily. There are extremely few side effects to this.

o Chlorpheneramine. This is an allergy pill that has been around so endless that there isn?t even a brand name for it anymore. It is extremely inexpensive and will work for some cats. The dose is of a 4mg tablet (2mg) once or twice daily. The primary side effects are drowsiness, although some cats can experience excitability.

o Benadryl (diphenhydramine). This is effective in cats, but we do NOT recommend trying to give this to your cat orally.

Cats detest the taste of Benadryl. However, Benadryl is available in injectable form which you can use insulin syringes to ister, or we can own it compounded into a transdermal ear paste which has shown to be effective.

o Hydroxyzine. This is actually a precursor to Zyrtec, which is metabolized in the liver to the athletic form of Zyrtec. Because this was around much longer than Zyrtec, it is extremely inexpensive. However, it must be given twice daily, or even three times daily in some cases.

Steroids. Steroids are extremely effective in cats, but they own undesirable side effects.

The most common undesirable side effect of endless term use is the development of diabetes. We generally will attempt to minimize the length of time your cat has to be on steroids, or if your cat?s allergies are year circular, we will attempt to get to the lowest effective dosing to minimize the risk of diabetes.

Immunosuppressants. The most commonly used immunosuppressant used in cats for allergies is cyclosporine. This is an expensive drug whose side effects include anorexia and in rare cases, bone marrow suppression, but it can work extremely effectively, and is generally used when steroids are either not effective, or if your cat cannot tolerate steroids.

Immunotherapy. This is done only when your cat has had an allergy test and we know exactly what environmental allergies your cat has.

These are allergy shots, customized for your cat to desensitize your cat to whatever they are allergic to. We own had extremely excellent results with these, with extremely few side effects.

Removal of the allergens. If your cat is allergic to something in their environment that you own some control over, if you can remove the source, then that will often repair the problem. This would include things love fleas, laundry detergents, below comforters or pillows, etc.

If you cannot remove the source, but you can minimize your cat?s exposure to it, that will also assist. Examples would be keeping the windows closed if your cat is allergic to outdoor pollens, using allergy filters in your ventilation and HEPA air filters to minimize dust mites, or feeding your cat canned food only or keeping their dry food in the freezer until feeding if your cat is allergic to storage mites.

If you own any questions or concerns on any of this, please feel free to contact us at Every Feline Hospital at [email protected]

Allergies to cats are fairly common, affecting up to 25 percent of people who also own other types of allergies.

A cat allergy can cause symptoms such as red eyes and sneezing. These allergies can be triggered by direct exposure to cats or by indirect exposure through fabric or air.

You may notice a cat allergy based on the timing of your symptoms. Sometimes, getting medical anti-allergy treatment can assist. But avoiding the cat may be necessary.


Preventive medicine

Detection of diseases

Feline diseases such as FeLV, FIV, and feline heartworm can be detected during a routine visit to a veterinarian. A variety of tests exist that can detect feline illnesses, and with early detection most diseases can be managed effectively.

Vaccinations

Main article: Feline vaccination

Vaccinations are an significant preventive animal health measure.

What helpful of allergy medicine is safe for cats

The specific vaccinations recommended for cats varies depending on geographic location, environment, travel history, and the activities the animal frequently engages in. In the United States, regardless of any of these factors, it is generally highly recommended that cats be vaccinated against rabies, feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). The decision on whether to vaccinate against other diseases should be made between an owner and a veterinarian, taking into account factors specific to the cat.

Parasite medication

Once-a-month topical products or ingestable pills are the most commonly used products to kill and prevent future parasite infestations.


Diseases

See also: List of feline diseases

Other diseases

  1. Diabetes
  2. Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats.[5] The disease begins when the cat stops eating from a loss of appetite, forcing the liver to convert body fat into usable energy.
  3. Cerebellar hypoplasia is a disorder found in cats and dogs in which the cerebellum is not completely mature at birth.

    Cerebellar hypoplasia causes jerky movements, tremors and generally uncoordinated motion. The animal often falls below and has trouble walking. Tremors increase when the animal is excited and subside when at ease.

  4. Feline spongiform encephalopathy
  5. Flat-chested kitten syndrome
  6. Feline asthma
  7. A corneal ulcer is an inflammatory condition of the cornea involving loss of its outer layer. It is extremely common in dogs and is sometimes seen in cats.
  8. Polyneuropathy
  9. Pyometra
  10. Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover numerous problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones and cystitis.

    The term feline urologic syndrome is an older term which is still sometimes used for this condition. It is a common disease in adult cats, though it can strike in young cats too. It may present as any of a variety of urinary tract problems, and can lead to a finish blockage of the urinary system, which if left untreated is fatal.

  11. Feline hyperaldosteronism
  12. Feline hyperthyroidism
  13. Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy in cats is rare likely because there is no hereditary component to epilepsy in cats.
  14. Anal sacs impaction
  15. Intestinal Bowel Disease causes frequent vomiting and weight loss in cats.

    Similar to Crohn’s disease in humans, a cat’s intestinal antibodies view food as the enemy and attack nutritional absorption as well as the cat’s own organs and intestinal fluids. A daily immunosuppressant (such as prednisolone) is required, as well as changes to the diet that include canned foods with single-source proteins and limited ingredients. Most felines with IBD also own several food allergies, including red meat proteins, fish oils, and gluten, which must be addressed in tandem with the disease.

    Regular vomiting in a cat is not normal.

    What helpful of allergy medicine is safe for cats

    Undiagnosed or poorly-treated IBD can lead to death through malnutrition even in a cat that is eating regularly.

  16. Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion
  17. Uterine unicornis a condition in which the female cat is missing a uterine horn. A rare discovery by veterinarians, the condition can be detected by x-ray or ultrasound prior to spaying if the patient has a family history of the medical condition. There is no known scientific study to prove that uterine unicornis is a hereditary genetic disorder. In some cases, the patient may also be missing a kidney on the same side as its missing uterine horn.

    This phenomenon is also called unilateral renal agenesis.

Skin disorders

Further information: Cat skin disorders

Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in cats and own numerous causes. The condition of a cat’s skin and jacket can be an significant indicator of its general health.

Genetic diseases

Domestic cats are affected by over naturally occurring hereditary disorders, numerous of which are similar to those in humans, such as diabetes, hemophilia and Tay–Sachs disease.[2][4] For example, Abyssinian cat’s pedigree contains a genetic mutation that causes retinitis pigmentosa, which also affects humans.[2]

Infectious diseases

An infectious disease is caused by the presence of pathogenic organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites (either animalian or protozoan).

Most of these diseases can spread from cat to cat via airborne pathogens or through direct or indirect contact, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. Certain infectious diseases are a concern from a public health standpoint because they are a Feline zoonosis and transmittable to human.

Viral

Viral diseases in cats can be serious, especially in catteries and kennels. Timely vaccination can reduce the risk and severity of an infection. The most commonly recommended viruses to vaccinate cats against are:

Other viruses cats may be exposed to include:

Parasites

Veterinary parasitology studies both external and internal parasites in animals.

External parasites, such as fleas, mites, ticks and mosquitoes can cause skin irritation, and are also often carriers of other diseases or of internal parasites.

Internal parasites

Zoonosis

Researchers at the University of Cornell Feline Health Middle believe that «most zoonotic diseases pose minimal threat» to humans. However some humans are particularly at risk. These are people «with immature or weakened immune systems» (infants, the elderly, people undergoing cancer therapy, and individuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Some common and preventable forms of zoonosis [6] are as follows:


Diet and nutrition

Further information: Cat food

See also: Pet food

Veterinarians commonly recommend commercial cat foods that are formulated to address the specific nutritional requirements of cats, although an increasing number of owners are opting for home-prepared cooked or raw diets.

Although cats are obligate carnivores, vegetarian and vegan cat food are preferred by owners uncomfortable with feeding animal products to their pets.

The U.S. Food and Drug istrationCenter for Veterinary Medicine has come out against vegetarian cat and dog food for health reasons. Cats require high levels of taurine in their diet. Taurine is an organic acid found in animal tissues. It is a major constituent of bile and can be found in the large intestine. Taurine has numerous biological roles, such as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, membrane stabilization, and modulation of calcium signaling. It is essential for cardiovascular function in cats, as well as the development and function of skeletal muscle, the retinas, and the central nervous system.

Although meat protein can be substituted with vegetable proteins, vegetable proteins do not provide a sufficiency of the specific amino acids which are vital for a cat’s body to function.[7][8]

Cats can be selective eaters. Although it is extremely rare for a cat to deliberately starve itself to the point of injury, in obese cats, the sudden loss of weight can cause a fatal condition called feline hepatic lipidosis, a liver dysfunction which causes pathological loss of appetite and reinforces the starvation, which can lead to death within as little as 48 hours.

Pica is a condition in which animals chew or eat unusual things such as fabric, plastic or wool.

In cats, this can be fatal or require surgical removal if a large quantity of foreign material is ingested (for example, an entire sock). It tends to happen more often in Burmese, Oriental, and Siamese breeds.

Malnutrition

Malnutrition in cats is currently unusual due to finish and balanced diets being formulated and fed.[10] Yet it can still happen if the cat’s food intake decreases beyond what the food can provide, if interactions happen between ingredients or nutrients, if mistakes are made during formulation or manufacturing, and if the food is stored for a lengthy quantity of time.[10] If a cat becomes malnourished, a deficiency of energy, protein, taurine, essential fatty acids, minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium), vitamins (A, D, E, thiamine, niacin, biotin), and trace elements (iron, copper, zinc, iodine, selenium) can happen, causing a multitude of deficiency symptoms.[11]

For information about a correct cat diet, see Cat food.

Central retinal degeneration

One of the cat diseases caused by malnutrition is central retinal deficiency, a dysfunction in cats that can be hereditary as well.[12]

The retina, a thin layer of tissue in the back of the eye, is the structure affected by this disorder. This structure receives the light gathered and focused from the lens.[13] It essentially takes light and converts it into electrical nerve signals that the brain interprets as vision. The retina contains rods and cones, which are photo-receptors that assist the animal see (rods) and visualize certain colors (cones).[13]

Retinal degeneration can be caused by a taurine deficiency, which is why numerous cat foods are supplemented with taurine.[14][15] Central retinal deficiency is irreversible, but its effects can be significantly hindered if a diet supplemented with adequate amounts of taurine is provided.

Vitamin deficiencies in A and E can also lead to retinal degeneration in cats.

Food dangerous to cats

A number of common human foods and household ingestibles are toxic to cats, including chocolate solids, onion, garlic, avocados, grapes, raisins, coffee, milk and some other human food.

Food allergy

Main article: Allergies in cats

Food allergy is a non-seasonal disease with skin and/or gastrointestinal disorders. The main complaint is pruritus.

The exact prevalence of food allergy in cats remains unknown. There is no breed, sex or age predilection, although some breeds are commonly affected. Before the onset of clinical signs, the animals own been fed the offending food components for at least two years, although some animals are less than a year ancient. In 20 to 30% of the cases, cats own concurrent allergic diseases (atopy / flea-allergic dermatitis). A dependable diagnosis can only be made with an elimination diet. Challenge–dechallenge–rechallenge is necessary for the identification of the causative food component(s).

Therapy consists of avoiding the offending food component(s).[9] Cats with food allergies may present with red, hairless, and scabby skin. Hair loss generally occurs on the face and/or anus. Depending on the severity of the reaction, it may take two weeks to three months for a cat to recover once the offending allergen is removed.

Obesity

See also: Obesity in pets

Neutering and overfeeding own contributed to increased obesity in domestic cats, especially in developed countries.

Obesity in cats has similar effects as in humans, and will increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes mellitus, etc., thereby shortening the cat’s lifespan.


Symptoms

You can experience symptoms of a cat allergy correct when you enter into a room or home where a cat lives. Or the effects can start after you spend several hours in the area or with the cat.

A cat allergy can produce upper respiratory symptoms or may affect your skin.

Common effects f a cat allergy can include:

  1. Red, itchy, or watery eyes
  2. Coughing
  3. Sneezing
  4. A skin rash, redness, or itching
  5. Sore throat
  6. A runny or stuffy nose
  7. Wheezing

Complications

While it is rare, swelling of the face, throat, or any part of the body can develop due to a cat allergy. If you develop swelling or become short of breath, seek medical attention immediately.

Cat Interactions

Cat allergies are more common than dog allergies, but this does not own anything to do with how friendly the cat or the person is.

Cat allergies are not associated with how much you love a cat or how much the cat likes you.

Getting along with your cat or a friend's cat is a completely diverse issue than having an allergy.


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