What kind of allergy medicine can dogs have
The only surefire way to get rid of a pet allergy is to remove the pet from your home. There are, however, ways to minimize your exposure to allergens and lessen your symptoms if you don’t desire to part with Fluffy.
Some people with dog allergies may discover that a saline (salt water) rinse daily to clear nasal passages of allergens can assist. A “nasal lavage” can control symptoms such as congestion and postnasal drip.
OTC saline sprays and nasal lavage kits are readily available.
You can also make your own by mixing 1/8 teaspoon of table salt with distilled water.
Here are some medications and treatments that can assist you manage allergies and asthma:
- Allergy shots (immunotherapy) expose you to the animal protein (allergen) that’s causing the reaction and assist your body become less sensitive, reducing symptoms. Shots are given by an allergist and are often used in more severe cases for long-term treatment.
- Decongestants make it easier to breathe by shrinking swollen tissues in the nasal passage.
These are available in oral form or as a nasal spray.
- Cromolyn sodium is an OTC nasal spray that may assist reduce symptoms, especially if it’s used before they develop.
- Antihistamines are over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as Benadryl, Claritin, Allegra, and Clarinex OTC that can assist relieve itching, sneezing, and runny nose.
- Nasal corticosteroids such as Flonase (now available over the counter) or Nasonex may reduce inflammation and control symptoms.
- Leukotriene modifiers, such as the prescription tablet montelukast (Singulair), may be recommended if you can’t tolerate nasal antihistamines or corticosteroids.
There are several things dog owners can do around the home to reduce allergens.
- keeping the dog exterior (only in certain climates in a well-contained area and under humane conditions)
- looking into hypoallergenic dog breeds
- using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) purifiers to reduce airborne allergens in the home
- setting up dog-free zones (certain rooms, such as a bedroom, where the dog is not allowed)
- removing carpeting, upholstered furniture, horizontal blinds, curtains, and any other items that may attract dander
- bathing the dog weekly using a pet-friendly shampoo (done by a non-allergic person)
- using a trial period when introducing a new pet to the family to assess family members’ reactions to the new dog
Dog Allergy Symptoms
While not generally life threatening, allergies in dogs do cause discomfort.
Most symptoms are associated with dermatologic problems but some can also lead to chronic respiratory issues in some dogs if untreated for endless periods of time. Sometimes an owner will bring their dog to a veterinary appointment, suspecting a serious medical condition and finish up finding out that their canine companion has an allergy.
Here are some allergy symptoms commonly found in dogs:
- Frequent sneezing and/or wheezing
- Regularly rubbing body or body parts against the ground, walls, furniture, etc.
- Periodic chewing on the same or diverse body parts or areas
- Excessive licking
- Compulsive scratching
- Skin irritation/fur loss
Most allergies develop in the second year of life for dogs.
In the first year, the dog will be exposed to numerous types of allergens primarily through contact with the skin. A smaller number of allergies may be caused by food (usually the protein source) and inhalant (things they breathe in that are in the air). In the second year of life, the dog’s immune system will overreact to the antigen(s) causing release of immune cells which release inflammatory substances ( such as histamine) which lead to symptoms of itching.
Rarely is a dog allergic to just one thing. Most allergic dogs are born with a less than optimal skin barrier which allows for antigens to enter the skin more easily.
Dogs that suffer from allergies own abnormal skin and a less than optimal immune response which allows for secondary infections to happen. Typically, dogs do not suffer from a single allergy, but instead, dogs with sensitivities to allergens own a host of issues. You must understand that dog allergies are due to a complicated set of issues that tends to change as the dog’s environment changes.
Because these symptoms can own several possible causes, we recommend making a veterinary appointment immediately if you notice your dog exhibiting any of the above symptoms.
Early diagnosis and treatment of dog allergies not only increases the likelihood of your dog’s treatment being successful, but can also be less expensive than delaying treatment. The longer you wait, the more your dog suffers and more severe the secondary infections can become.
Dog Allergy Testing
The first step to determining the cause of your dog’s symptoms is a thorough exam by your veterinarian. In addition to looking for external skin parasites such as fleas and mites, your veterinarian will desire to do some diagnostics to assist him/her determine what types of infections may be present.
After diagnosing and treating for external parasites and infections, your veterinarian may desire to discuss allergy testing. Once your veterinarian believes that allergies are the root cause of skin irritation/infections and discomfort, then they may recommend testing for specific allergens. There are numerous things to test for in determining what your dog may be causing the allergies for your dog. Dog allergens drop into the following groups:
- Food allergies — including diverse types of proteins
- Flea allergies — numerous dogs are highly allergic to flea bites
- Contact allergy — including numerous grasses and plants, dust mites and molds
- Inhalant allergy (Atopy) — allergens that are inhaled
Contact allergies such as flea, food and dust/pollen allergies are by far the most common cause of allergies in dogs.
These allergens can cause an allergic reaction in the body that focuses largely on and within the epidermis, causing severe irritation. The result is a dog scratching itself to the point that skin infections and injuries can occur.
Symptoms of dog allergies
The symptoms of a dog allergy may range from mild to severe. Symptoms may not appear for several days after exposure in people with low sensitivity.
Some clues you may be allergic to dogs include:
- rash on the face, neck, or chest
- coughing, shortness of breath, or wheezing within 15 to 30 minutes of exposure to allergens
- redness of the skin after being licked by a dog
- swelling and itching in the membranes of the nose or around the eyes
- a severe asthma attack (in someone with asthma)
Children with dog allergies will often develop eczema in addition to the above symptoms.
Eczema is a painful inflammation of the skin.
People used to believe that exposing a newborn to the family dog could cause a kid to develop a pet allergy. Thankfully for dog owners, the opposite appears to be true. Several studies in the past few years — including one published in the — own found that exposing a baby to a pet doesn’t increase the risk of developing allergies or asthma. It may actually protect the kid from developing them in the future.
Many of the lifestyle changes and allergy medications listed above can assist you to reduce uncomfortable symptoms if you love dogs and don’t desire to give up being around them.
An allergist can act out tests and tell you how severe your dog allergy is and what types of treatments can assist.
Talk to your doctor about your allergy and your treatment options.
Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also.
So today, I’m going to talk to you a little bit about allergies, and there’s so numerous misconceptions and misinformation out there, and people who desire to sell you every kinds of things that are going to cure the allergies, but I’m going to helpful of give you just a basic picture of what’s significant to know.
And most importantly, remember, every dog is diverse. Every situation is diverse, and you really need the assist and guidance of a veterinary to select the best products.
Most people come to us because their dog is, tell, itching for whatever reason. Obviously, the first thing we’re going to law out would be parasites. There are some kinds of mites that can cause itching, certainly fleas and even ticks can cause itching, so we’re going to make certain that those things are well covered first. Then the next thing we’ll start to talk about would be things love environmental concerns.
But really, with allergies, the way that they work with most dogs is that the vast majority are contact allergies.
Yes, love some love that, and a dog is going to be exposed by stepping or rolling or laying in the grass, or whatever, and they’re going to be exposed to allergens. When we test for allergies, we’re testing for about 75 diverse things, so no one can glance at your dog and tell, «Oh, it’s grass.» There’s really just no way of knowing that, but it’s certainly a extremely excellent possibility that it could be grass or molds that are in the grass when the grasses are wet.
But what happens is these allergens are exposed to the dog’s skin, and then they’re absorbed through the skin.
Dogs that own allergies, a lot of them own a barrier problem; meaning if you ponder about the skin as being love saran wrap, and dogs that own allergies own more holes in their saran wrap than other dogs. So then these allergens are capable to penetrate through the skin, and in addition, they own some overreaction to whatever it is they’re being exposed to. If it’s grass, the grass allergens are getting into the skin and into the second layer of the skin a little bit easier, and then the body may be overreacting, causing histamine release, and other things that are really itchy for the dog, and then that’s going to cause the dog to itch.
Once the dog starts licking and chewing and scratching and biting, we get secondary problems love yeast and bacteria infections, which may require us to do some cytologies.
Basically, we’re looking at the cells of the skin to see if there’s yeast or bacteria, because they’re treated extremely differently. We own so numerous amazing drugs now to assist fight with allergies. We own two new medications; one is a pill that is a non-steroidal pill that really helps to block the reaction of itch, and another one is an injectable drug that also helps with the overresponse that an allergic dog displays.
These drugs are amazing and such a lifesaver for a dog’s quality of life, but they do require that we make certain that infections are cleared up, and that we’ve done a beautiful thorough workup before doing any of these medications. So bottom line is this: Most allergies are contact allergies.
There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also. Some of them can own a combination of every of the above, but I ponder if you went into a pet store, you’d discover that fairly often telling you, you own to purchase this certain helpful of food, and really rarely is that what should happen.
You don’t really desire to get your health information from a 16 year ancient pet store employee; not that there’s anything incorrect with them, but they don’t generally own the eight years of school that assist us to make a better plan for your puppy or your dog in choosing the best medications. So, if your dog is having itching, scratching problem, most importantly, just get to the vet.
Own them start working your dog up and discover the best way to get your dog’s skin under control.
Am I allergic to my dog?
A dog is man’s best friend — that is, unless the man is allergic to his dog.
Pet allergies are common in the United States. According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, 15 to 30 percent of every Americans are affected. Although allergies to cats are about twice as common, allergic reactions to dogs tend to be more severe. This is especially the case in those with asthma.
Keep reading to study about lifestyle changes and medications that can assist treat dog allergies.
What causes dog allergies?
Dogs secrete proteins that finish up in their dander (dead skin), saliva, and urine.
An allergic reaction occurs when a sensitive person’s immune system reacts abnormally to the generally harmless proteins. Diverse breeds produce diverse dander, so it’s possible to be more allergic to some dogs than others.
The allergen eventually finds its way into the animal’s fur. From there, it collects in carpets, on clothing, on walls, and between sofa cushions. The pet hair itself is not an allergen, but the hair can hold dust and dander.
Pet dander can remain airborne for endless periods of time as well. It can eventually discover its way into your eyes or lungs.