What is the difference between otc allergy medications
Clinical studies of Xyzal showed that the drug was significantly more effective than placebo in treating symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis as well as chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Zyrtec clinical studies showed that the drug was significantly more effective than placebo in treating symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis, seasonal allergic rhinitis, and chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Studies comparing Xyzal and Zyrtec own varying results, with some studies preferring Xyzal and some preferring Zyrtec.
In practice, both drugs seem to be fairly effective. The question of which drug is better seems to be a matter of trial and error, and personal preference.
Although both Xyzal and Zyrtec can be extremely effective in treating allergy symptoms, the most effective medication should only be sure by your doctor, taking into account your medical condition(s) and medical history.
Warnings of Xyzal and Zyrtec
Xyzal and Zyrtec warnings include somnolence, or sleepiness, and fatigue.
You should avoid driving until you know how you react to Xyzal or Zyrtec. You should not drink alcohol while taking Xyzal or Zyrtec, because the combination can affect alertness and cause impairment.
Xyzal or Zyrtec may also cause urinary retention and should be used with caution in patients with a prostate condition.
Consult your healthcare provider for medical advice if you own prostate problems.
Xyzal or Zyrtec can generally be used safely while pregnant, and short-term while breastfeeding, but only if approved by your doctor. You should always consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice. If you are already taking Xyzal or Zyrtec and become pregnant, consult your healthcare provider.
Conditions treated by Xyzal and Zyrtec
Xyzal is indicated for the relief of symptoms associated with perennial allergic rhinitis (having nasal allergy symptoms most days of the year) in patients ages six years and older.
It is also indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated skin manifestations of chronic idiopathic urticaria, or chronic hives (ages six years and older).
Zyrtec is indicated for relief of symptoms from seasonal allergic rhinitis (due to allergens such as ragweed, grass, and pollen) in patients ages two years and older. It is also indicated for relief of symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis for ages six months and older, and for the treatment of uncomplicated skin manifestations of chronic idiopathic urticaria, or chronic hives for ages six months and older.
|Perennial Allergic Rhinitis||Yes (ages 6 years & older)||Yes (ages 6 months & older)|
|Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria||Yes (ages 6 years & older)||Yes (ages 6 months & older)|
|Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis||No||Yes (ages 2 years and older)|
What are the main differences between Xyzal vs.
|Main differences between Xyzal vs. Zyrtec|
|Brand/generic status||Brand and generic||Brand and generic|
|What is the generic name?||Levocetirizine dihydrochloride||Cetirizine hydrochloride|
|What form(s) does the drug come in?||Tablet, liquid||Tablet (oral, chewable), capsule, liquid|
|What is the standard dosage?||Adults: to 5 mg every evening
Children: varies by age to 5 mg every evening
|Adults: 5 to 10 mg daily
Children: varies by age to 10 mg daily
|How endless is the typical treatment?||Varies months to years||Varies months to years|
|Who typically uses the medication?||Adults; children 6 years and older||Adults; children 6 months and older|
Coverage and cost comparison of Xyzal vs.
Xyzal is available in both prescription and OTC form, and in both brand and generic. The average retail price of generic Xyazl, levocetirizine, is about $73 for 5 mg, 30 tablets but it can be purchased for about $50 with a levocetirizine coupon. Insurances and Medicare Part D typically cover the generic prescription form of levocetirizine.
Zyrtec is available over the counter in both brand and generic. The average retail price of Zyrtec for 30 10mg tablets ranges from $ You can get the generic version of Zyrtec for as low as $4. using a SingleCare Zyrtec coupon.
Zyrtec is only is typically not covered by insurance or Medicare Part D; however, some state Medicaid plans do cover generic cetirizine.
|Typically covered by insurance?||Yes; generic||No (because it is only OTC); some states may cover generic under Medicaid|
|Typically covered by Medicare Part D?||Yes; generic||No|
|Standard dosage||#30, 5 mg tablets||#30, 10 mg tablets|
|Typical Medicare Part D copay||$||N/a|
Xyzal and Zyrtec own similar adverse side effects.
The most common side effects are somnolence (sleepiness), dry mouth, and fatigue.
Other side effects may happen. Consult your healthcare professional for a finish list of side effects.
|Nasopharyngitis (throat inflammation)||Yes||4%||No|
Source: DailyMed (Xyzal), Product Information (Zyrtec)
Drug interactions of Xyzal vs.
High doses of theophylline (a breathing medication) may result in slightly increased levels of Zyrtec. The same interaction is possible with Xyzal.
Alcohol should not be used in combination with Xyzal or Zyrtec. The combination can cause impairment and affect alertness.
Additionally, CNS depressants should not be taken in combination with either drug due to additive effects. CNS depressants include drugs such as anxiety medications, insomnia medications, and barbiturates.
CNS depressants are sometimes called sedatives or tranquilizers.
|CNS (central nervous system) depressants, anxiety medications such as Xanax (alprazolam), sleeping medications such as Ambien (zolpidem), and barbiturates such as phenobarbital||Yes||Yes|