What does a food allergy rash look like on a dog

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Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also.

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So today, I’m going to talk to you a little bit about allergies, and there’s so numerous misconceptions and misinformation out there, and people who desire to sell you every kinds of things that are going to cure the allergies, but I’m going to helpful of give you just a basic picture of what’s significant to know. And most importantly, remember, every dog is diverse. Every situation is diverse, and you really need the assist and guidance of a veterinary to select the best products.

Most people come to us because their dog is, tell, itching for whatever reason.

Obviously, the first thing we’re going to law out would be parasites. There are some kinds of mites that can cause itching, certainly fleas and even ticks can cause itching, so we’re going to make certain that those things are well covered first. Then the next thing we’ll start to talk about would be things love environmental concerns.

But really, with allergies, the way that they work with most dogs is that the vast majority are contact allergies.

Yes, love some love that, and a dog is going to be exposed by stepping or rolling or laying in the grass, or whatever, and they’re going to be exposed to allergens. When we test for allergies, we’re testing for about 75 diverse things, so no one can glance at your dog and tell, «Oh, it’s grass.» There’s really just no way of knowing that, but it’s certainly a extremely excellent possibility that it could be grass or molds that are in the grass when the grasses are wet.

But what happens is these allergens are exposed to the dog’s skin, and then they’re absorbed through the skin.

Dogs that own allergies, a lot of them own a barrier problem; meaning if you ponder about the skin as being love saran wrap, and dogs that own allergies own more holes in their saran wrap than other dogs. So then these allergens are capable to penetrate through the skin, and in addition, they own some overreaction to whatever it is they’re being exposed to. If it’s grass, the grass allergens are getting into the skin and into the second layer of the skin a little bit easier, and then the body may be overreacting, causing histamine release, and other things that are really itchy for the dog, and then that’s going to cause the dog to itch.

Once the dog starts licking and chewing and scratching and biting, we get secondary problems love yeast and bacteria infections, which may require us to do some cytologies.

Basically, we’re looking at the cells of the skin to see if there’s yeast or bacteria, because they’re treated extremely differently. We own so numerous amazing drugs now to assist fight with allergies. We own two new medications; one is a pill that is a non-steroidal pill that really helps to block the reaction of itch, and another one is an injectable drug that also helps with the overresponse that an allergic dog displays.

These drugs are amazing and such a lifesaver for a dog’s quality of life, but they do require that we make certain that infections are cleared up, and that we’ve done a beautiful thorough workup before doing any of these medications.

So bottom line is this: Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also. Some of them can own a combination of every of the above, but I ponder if you went into a pet store, you’d discover that fairly often telling you, you own to purchase this certain helpful of food, and really rarely is that what should happen.

You don’t really desire to get your health information from a 16 year ancient pet store employee; not that there’s anything incorrect with them, but they don’t generally own the eight years of school that assist us to make a better plan for your puppy or your dog in choosing the best medications.

So, if your dog is having itching, scratching problem, most importantly, just get to the vet. Own them start working your dog up and discover the best way to get your dog’s skin under control.


Dog Allergy Testing

The first step to determining the cause of your dog’s symptoms is a thorough exam by your veterinarian. In addition to looking for external skin parasites such as fleas and mites, your veterinarian will desire to do some diagnostics to assist him/her determine what types of infections may be present. After diagnosing and treating for external parasites and infections, your veterinarian may desire to discuss allergy testing.

Once your veterinarian believes that allergies are the root cause of skin irritation/infections and discomfort, then they may recommend testing for specific allergens. There are numerous things to test for in determining what your dog may be causing the allergies for your dog. Dog allergens drop into the following groups:

  1. Food allergies — including diverse types of proteins
  2. Flea allergies — numerous dogs are highly allergic to flea bites
  3. Contact allergy — including numerous grasses and plants, dust mites and molds
  4. Inhalant allergy (Atopy) — allergens that are inhaled

Contact allergies such as flea, food and dust/pollen allergies are by far the most common cause of allergies in dogs.

These allergens can cause an allergic reaction in the body that focuses largely on and within the epidermis, causing severe irritation. The result is a dog scratching itself to the point that skin infections and injuries can occur.


Dog Allergy Symptoms

While not generally life threatening, allergies in dogs do cause discomfort. Most symptoms are associated with dermatologic problems but some can also lead to chronic respiratory issues in some dogs if untreated for endless periods of time. Sometimes an owner will bring their dog to a veterinary appointment, suspecting a serious medical condition and finish up finding out that their canine companion has an allergy.

Here are some allergy symptoms commonly found in dogs:

  1. Regularly rubbing body or body parts against the ground, walls, furniture, etc.
  2. Frequent sneezing and/or wheezing
  3. Compulsive scratching
  4. Periodic chewing on the same or diverse body parts or areas
  5. Excessive licking
  6. Skin irritation/fur loss

Most allergies develop in the second year of life for dogs.

In the first year, the dog will be exposed to numerous types of allergens primarily through contact with the skin. A smaller number of allergies may be caused by food (usually the protein source) and inhalant (things they breathe in that are in the air). In the second year of life, the dog’s immune system will overreact to the antigen(s) causing release of immune cells which release inflammatory substances ( such as histamine) which lead to symptoms of itching. Rarely is a dog allergic to just one thing. Most allergic dogs are born with a less than optimal skin barrier which allows for antigens to enter the skin more easily.

Dogs that suffer from allergies own abnormal skin and a less than optimal immune response which allows for secondary infections to happen. Typically, dogs do not suffer from a single allergy, but instead, dogs with sensitivities to allergens own a host of issues. You must understand that dog allergies are due to a complicated set of issues that tends to change as the dog’s environment changes.

Because these symptoms can own several possible causes, we recommend making a veterinary appointment immediately if you notice your dog exhibiting any of the above symptoms.

Early diagnosis and treatment of dog allergies not only increases the likelihood of your dog’s treatment being successful, but can also be less expensive than delaying treatment. The longer you wait, the more your dog suffers and more severe the secondary infections can become.


Allergens

Environmental

Main article: Allergy §Other environmental factors

Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters.

A number of national and international surveys own identified Balsam of Peru as being in the «top five» allergens most commonly causing patch test reactions in people referred to dermatology clinics.[41][42]
Pollen Sneezing, body ache, headache (in rare cases, extremely painful cluster headaches may happen due to allergic sinusitis; these may leave a temporary time period of 1 and a half to 2 days with eye sensitivity), allergic conjunctivitis (includes watery, red, swelled, itchy, and irritating eyes), runny nose, irritation of the nose, nasal congestion, minor fatigue, chest pain and discomfort, coughing, sore throat, facial discomfort (feeling of stuffed face) due to allergic sinusitis, possible asthma attack, wheezing
Cat Sneezing, itchy swollen eyes, rash, congestion, wheezing
Dog Rash, sneezing, congestion, wheezing, vomiting from coughing, Sometimes itchy welts.

Caused by dander, saliva or urine of dogs, or by dust, pollen or other allergens that own been carried on the fur.[43] Allergy to dogs is present in as much as 10 percent of the population.[43]
Insect sting Hives, wheezing, possible anaphylaxis Possible from bee or wasp stings, or bites from mosquitoes or flies love Leptoconops torrens.
Mold Sneeze, coughing, itchy, discharge from the nose, respiratory irritation, congested feeling,[44] joint aches, headaches, fatigue[45]
Perfume Itchy eyes, runny nose, sore throat, headaches, muscle/joint pain, asthma attack, wheezing, chest pain, blisters
Cosmetics Contact dermatitis,[46] irritant contact dermatitis, inflammation, redness,[47] conjunctivitis[48] ,sneezing
Semen Burning, pain and swelling, possibly for days, swelling or blisters, vaginal redness,[49] fever, runny nose, extreme fatigue[50][51][52][53][54] In a case study in Switzerland, a lady who was allergic to Balsam of Peru was allergic to her boyfriend’s semen following intercourse, after he drank large amounts of Coca-Cola.[55]
Latex Contact dermatitis, hypersensitivity
Water (see note) Epidermal itching Strictly aquagenic pruritus or aquagenic urticaria, but freezing urticaria may also be described as a «water allergy,» in which water may cause hives and anaphylaxis
House dust mite[56] Asthma Home allergen reduction may be recommended
Nickel (nickel sulfate hexahydrate) Allergic contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema[57][58]
Gold (gold sodium thiosulfate) Allergic contact dermatitis
Chromium Allergic contact dermatitis
Cobalt chloride Allergic contact dermatitis
Formaldehyde Allergic contact dermatitis
Photographic developers Allergic contact dermatitis
Fungicide Allergic contact dermatitis, fever, anaphylaxis

medical

Main article: Drug allergy

Name Possible reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters.

Present in numerous drugs, such as hemorrhoid suppositories and ointment (e.g. Anusol), cough medicine/suppressant and lozenges, diaper rash ointments, oral and lip ointments, tincture of benzoin, wound spray (it has been reported to inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as the common ulcer-causing bacteria H. pylori in test-tube studies), calamine lotion, surgical dressings, dental cement, eugenol used by dentists, some periodontal impression materials, and in the treatment of dry socket in dentistry.

Tetracycline Many, including: severe headache, dizziness, blurred vision, fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms, severe blistering, peeling, dark colored urine[29][30][31]
Dilantin Many, including: swollen glands, simple bruising or bleeding, fever, sore throat[32][33][34]
Tegretol (carbamazepine) Shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue etc., hives[35][36][37]
Penicillin Diarrhea, hypersensitivity, nausea, rash, neurotoxicity, urticaria
Cephalosporins Maculopapular or morbilliform skin eruption, and less commonly urticaria, eosinophilia, serum-sickness–like reactions, and anaphylaxis.[38]
Sulfonamides Urinary tract disorders, haemopoietic disorders, porphyria and hypersensitivity reactions, Stevens–Johnson syndrometoxic epidermal necrolysis
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (cromolyn sodium, nedocromil sodium, etc.) Many, including: swollen eyes, lips, or tongue, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate[39]
Intravenous contrast dye Anaphylactoid reactions and contrast-induced nephropathy
Local anesthetics Urticaria and rash, dyspnea, wheezing, flushing, cyanosis, tachycardia[40]

Food

Main article: Food allergy

Name Potential reaction(s) Remarks
Balsam of Peru Redness, swelling, itching, allergiccontact dermatitis reactions, stomatitis (inflammation and soreness of the mouth or tongue), cheilitis (inflammation, rash, or painful erosion of the lips, oropharyngealmucosa, or angles of their mouth), pruritus, hand eczema, generalized or resistant plantardermatitis, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and blisters.

Present in numerous foods, such as coffee, flavored tea, wine, beer, gin, liqueurs, apéritifs (e.g. vermouth, bitters), soft drinks including cola, juice, citrus, citrus fruit peel, marmalade, tomatoes and tomato-containing products, Mexican and Italian foods with red sauces, ketchup, spices (e.g. cloves, Jamaica pepper (allspice), cinnamon, nutmeg, paprika, curry, anise, and ginger), chili sauce, barbecue sauce, chutney, pickles, pickled vegetables, chocolate, vanilla, baked goods and pastries, pudding, ice cream, chewing gum, and candy.

Egg Anaphylaxis, swelling, sometimes flatulence and vomiting An allergic individual may not own any reaction to consuming food only prepared with yolk and not glair, or vice versa.
Fish Respiratory reactions, Anaphylaxis, oral allergy syndrome, sometimes vomiting One of three allergies to seafood, not to be conflated with allergies to crustaceans and mollusks.[1] Fish allergy sufferers own a 50% likelihood of being cross reactive with another fish species,[2] but some individuals are only allergic to one species, such as; tilapia,[3] salmon, [1] or cod.

A proper diagnosis is considered complicated due to these cross reactivity between fish species and other seafood allergies. [4] Hazard extends to exposure to cooking vapors or handling.

Fruit Mild itching, rash, generalized urticaria, oral allergy syndrome, abdominal pain, vomiting, anaphylaxis Mango, strawberries, banana, [5]avocado, and kiwi are common problems.[6] Severe allergies to tomatoes own also been reported. [7][8]
Garlic Dermatitis, asymmetrical pattern of fissure, thickening/shedding of the outer skin layers,[9]anaphylaxis
Hot peppers Skin rash, hives, throat tightness, tongue swelling, possible vomiting
Oats Dermatitis, respiratory problems, anaphylaxis
Maize Hives, pallor, confusion, dizziness, stomach pain, swelling, vomiting, indigestion, diarrhea, cough, tightness in throat, wheezing, shortness of breath, anaphylaxis Often a hard allergy to manage due to the various food products which contain various forms of corn.

Milk[10] Skin rash, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain, flatulence, nasal congestion, dermatitis, blisters, anaphylaxis Not to be confused with lactose intolerance.[11]
Peanut[12] Anaphylaxis and swelling, sometimes vomiting Includes some cold-pressed peanut oils.

Distinct from tree nut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.

Poultry Meat[13] Hives, swelling of, or under the dermis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe oral allergy syndrome, shortness of breath, rarely anaphylactic shock Very rare allergies to chicken, turkey, squab, and sometimes more mildly to other avian meats. Not to be confused with secondary reactions of bird-egg syndrome. The genuine allergy has no causal relationship with egg allergy, nor is there any shut association with red meat allergy.

Prevalence still unknown as of [14]

Red Meat[15] Hives, swelling,[16] dermatitis, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath,[17], rarely anaphylaxis Allergies to the sugar carbohydrate found in beef, venison, lamb, and pork called alpha-gal. It is brought on by tick bites.[18][19] Allergic reaction to pork is an exception, as it may also be caused by pork-cat syndrome instead of alpha-gal allergy.
Rice Sneezing, runny nose, itching, stomachache, eczema.

People with a rice allergy can be affected by eating rice or breathing in rice steam.
Sesame Possible respiratory, skin, and gastrointestinal reactions which can trigger serious systemic anaphylactic responses.[20][21] By law, foods containing sesame must be labeled so in European Union, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.[20]
Shellfish Respiratory symptoms, Anaphylaxis, oral allergy syndrome, gastrointestinal symptoms, rhinitis, conjunctivitis Shellfish allergies are highly cross reactive, but its prevalence is generally higher than that of fish allergy.

As of six allergens own been identified to prawn alone; along with crab it‘s the major culprit of seafood anaphylaxis.[1] In reference to it as one of the “Big 8” [22] or “major 14” allergens it is sometimes specified as a “crustacean shellfish” allergy, or more simply, a “crustacean allergy”.[23][24] Sometimes it is conflated with an allergy to molluscan shellfish but finish tolerance to one but not the other isn’t unusual. Most generally, a mono-sensitive individual will experience a crustacean allergy alone with tolerance to mollusks, rather than vice versa.[1]

Soy Anaphylaxis, sometimes vomiting
Sulfites Hives, rash, redness of skin, headache (particular frontal), burning behind eyes, breathing difficulties (anaphylaxis) Used as a preserving agent in numerous diverse foods, such as raisins, dried peaches, various other dried fruit, canned or frozen fruits and vegetables, wines, vinegars and processed meats.

Tartrazine Skin irritation, hives, rash Synthetic yellow food coloring, also used for bright green coloring
Tree nut[25] Anaphylaxis, swelling, rash, hives, sometimes vomiting Hazard extends to exposure to cooking vapors, or handling. Distinct from peanut allergy, as peanuts are legumes.
Wheat[26] Eczema (atopic dermatitis), Hives, asthma, hay fever, angioedema, abdominal cramps, Celiac disease, diarrhea, temporary (3 or 4 day) mental incompetence, anemia, nausea, and vomiting[27] Not to be confused with Celiac Disease or NCGS (Non Celiac Gluten Sensitivity).

While wheat allergies are «true» allergies, Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disease.[28]

Contact

Many substances can cause an allergic reaction when in contact with the human integumentary system.


Main allergy symptoms

Common symptoms of an allergic reaction include:

  1. swollen lips, tongue, eyes or face
  2. tummy pain, feeling ill, vomiting or diarrhoea
  3. wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and a cough
  4. a raised, itchy, red rash (hives)
  5. sneezing and an itchy, runny or blocked nose (allergic rhinitis)
  6. itchy, red, watering eyes (conjunctivitis)
  7. dry, red and cracked skin

The symptoms vary depending on what you’re allergic to and how you come into contact with it.

For example, you may have a runny nose if exposed to pollen, develop a rash if you own a skin allergy, or feel sick if you eat something you’re allergic to.

See your GP if you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something. They can assist determine whether the symptoms are caused by an allergy or another condition.

Read more about diagnosing allergies.


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Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)

In rare cases, an allergy can lead to a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening.

This affects the whole body and usually develops within minutes of exposure to something you’re allergic to.

Signs of anaphylaxis include any of the symptoms above, as well as:

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.

Read more about anaphylaxis for information about what to do if it occurs.

Sheet final reviewed: 22 November
Next review due: 22 November

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.


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