What causes latex allergy

Latex allergy can get worse with increasing exposure to latex in some people, thus it is extremely significant to attempt to limit exposure to latex in people who are allergic. However, numerous people will only ever experience mild reactions to latex.


How is it Diagnosed

Diagnosis of latex allergy is largely made on clinical history. Some significant aspects of the history include:

Background history of atopic disorders such as asthma, eczema or allergic rhinitisAllergy invesigations that are available include radioimmunosorbent testing (RAST), skin-prick testing and provocation tests, where exposure to latex is deliberate (such as wearing latex gloves).

However, these investigations are generally not useful or necessary. The accuracy of both RAST and skin-prick testing is still controversial, and serious reactions own occurred with both skin-prick and provocation testing for latex allergy. Therefore the diagnosis of latex allergy is generally made on a excellent history.

Statistics

Less than 1% of the general population is allergic to latex, however certain people are at increased risk of developing latex allergy, including children with neural tube defects (such as spina bifida) or other congenital abnormalities requiring repeated surgery or catheterisation, and health care professionals who are exposed to latex in the workplace.

The incidence of latex allergy is increasing along with the increasing frequency of allergies across the board.


Nearly one in 50 Americans are at risk for anaphylaxis

Some children are allergic to certain foods, medicines, insects and latex. When they come into contact with these things they develop symptoms, such as hives and shortness of breath. This is known as an allergic reaction. Things that cause an allergic reaction are called allergens.

Take every allergic symptoms seriously because both mild and severe symptoms can lead to a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis (anna-fih-LACK-sis).

Common Causes of Anaphylaxis

Foods. The most common food allergies are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish.

What causes latex allergy

The most common food allergies in infants and children are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy and wheat.

Insect stings from bees, wasps, yellow jackets and fire ants.

Latex found in things such as balloons, rubber bands, hospital gloves.

Medicines, especially penicillin, sulfa drugs, insulin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Be Prepared for Anaphylaxis

Keep an Emergency Plan with You

You, your kid, and others who supervise or care for your kid need to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and how to treat it.

Your child’s doctor will give you a written step-by-step plan on what to do in an emergency. The plan is called an allergy emergency care plan or anaphylaxis emergency action plan. To be prepared, you, your kid, and others who care for your kid need to own copies of this plan.

About Epinephrine

Epinephrine is the medicine used to treat anaphylaxis.

What causes latex allergy

The emergency action plan tells you when and how to give epinephrine. You cannot rely on antihistamines to treat anaphylaxis.

Know How to Use Epinephrine

Learn how to give your kid epinephrine. Epinephrine is safe and comes in an easy-to-use device called an auto-injector. When you press it against your child’s outer thigh, it injects a single dose of medicine. Your child’s health care team will show you how to use it. You, in turn, can teach people who spend time with your kid how to use it.

Always own two epinephrine auto-injectors near your kid.

What causes latex allergy

Do not store epinephrine in your car or other places where it will get too boiling or too freezing. Discard if the liquid is not clear, and replace it when it expires.

Take Steps to Avoid Anaphylaxis

The best way to avoid anaphylaxis is for your kid to stay away from allergens. Teach your kid about his or her allergy in an age-appropriate way. Teach your kid to tell an adult about a reaction, how to avoid allergens and how and when to use an epinephrine auto-injector. Here are some first steps you can take for each type of allergy:

Food. Learn how to read food labels and avoid cross-contact. Read the label every time you purchase a product, even if you’ve used it before.

Ingredients in any given product may change.

Insect allergies. Wear closed-toe shoes and insect repellent when outdoors. Avoid loose-fitting clothing that can trap an insect between the clothing and the skin.

Medicine allergies. Tell your doctor about medicines your kid is allergic to. Know both the generic and brand names of the medicines.

Latex allergies. Tell your doctors, dentists and other health care providers about your child’s latex allergy. Enquire them to put a note in your child’s medical chart about your child’s allergy.

What causes latex allergy

Also remind them of the allergy before any medical procedure or test.

For every allergies:  Educate family, friends, the school and others who will be with your kid about your child’s allergies. They can assist your kid avoid allergens and help if anaphylaxis occurs.

Reviewed by medical advisors June

Know How to Treat Anaphylaxis

  • Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  • Your kid needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your kid closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

  • Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  • After giving epinephrine, always call or a local ambulance service. Tell them that your kid is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.
  • Follow the steps in your child’s emergency care plan to give your kid epinephrine correct away. This can save your child’s life.
  • Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction.

    This second reaction can happen within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later. That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.

  • Blowing up a rubber balloon
  • Feeling love something terrible is about to happen
  • Dizziness and/or fainting
  • Skin rashes and itching and hives
  • A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  • Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.

What triggers the allergic reaction to latex?

When people with latex allergy come into direct contact with latex, an allergic reaction may follow.

Common examples include:

  1. A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  2. Blowing up a rubber balloon

What are latex allergy symptoms?

In most cases, latex allergy develops after numerous previous exposures to latex. Latex allergy symptoms may include hives, itching, stuffy or runny nose. It can cause asthma symptoms of wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. Symptoms start within minutes after exposure to latex containing products.

The most severe latex allergy can result in anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction involving severe breathing difficulty and/or drop in blood pressure (shock).

Allergic skin problems can happen following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products. Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness and swelling of skin that touched the item containing latex. These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now.

What causes latex allergy

Numerous hospitals or doctors’ offices own switched to non-latex gloves or low protein latex gloves.

A second type of skin allergy called “allergic contact dermatitis” may be caused by chemicals used to manufacture rubber gloves. This dermatitis is recognized by the eczema and blisters on the back of the hands. It resembles a poison ivy rash, and begins 1 to 3 days after wearing rubber gloves.

Direct physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction. Anaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions own been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove.

Be Aware of Symptoms of Anaphylaxis

The symptoms of anaphylaxis may happen shortly after having contact with an allergen and can get worse quickly.

You can’t predict how your kid will react to a certain allergen from one time to the next.

What causes latex allergy

Both the types of symptoms and how serious they are can change. So, it’s significant for you to be prepared for every allergic reactions, especially anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis must be treated correct away to provide the best chance for improvement and prevent serious, potentially life-threatening complications.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis generally involve more than one part of the body such as the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain. Some symptoms include:

  1. Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  2. Skin rashes and itching and hives
  3. Dizziness and/or fainting
  4. Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  5. Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  6. Feeling love something terrible is about to happen

Your child’s doctor will give you a finish list of symptoms.

After Anaphylaxis

  1. Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction.

    This second reaction can happen within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later. That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.

  2. Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.

What foods are potential problems for people with latex allergy?

If you own latex allergy you also can own food allergies. The foods most likely to cause this problem include: apple, avocado, banana, carrot, celery, chestnut, kiwi, melons, papaya, raw potato and tomato.

Irritant dermatitis is a non-allergic skin rash characterised by redness, dryness, scaling, vesicle formation and cracking.

These changes are caused by sweating or irritation of the glove with the powder residue, or from irritation from frequent washing, soaps and detergents.

What triggers the allergic reaction to latex?

When people with latex allergy come into direct contact with latex, an allergic reaction may follow. Common examples include:

  1. A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  2. Blowing up a rubber balloon

What are latex allergy symptoms?

In most cases, latex allergy develops after numerous previous exposures to latex. Latex allergy symptoms may include hives, itching, stuffy or runny nose.

It can cause asthma symptoms of wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. Symptoms start within minutes after exposure to latex containing products. The most severe latex allergy can result in anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction involving severe breathing difficulty and/or drop in blood pressure (shock).

Allergic skin problems can happen following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products. Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness and swelling of skin that touched the item containing latex.

These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now. Numerous hospitals or doctors’ offices own switched to non-latex gloves or low protein latex gloves.

A second type of skin allergy called “allergic contact dermatitis” may be caused by chemicals used to manufacture rubber gloves. This dermatitis is recognized by the eczema and blisters on the back of the hands. It resembles a poison ivy rash, and begins 1 to 3 days after wearing rubber gloves.

Direct physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction.

Anaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions own been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove.

Be Aware of Symptoms of Anaphylaxis

The symptoms of anaphylaxis may happen shortly after having contact with an allergen and can get worse quickly. You can’t predict how your kid will react to a certain allergen from one time to the next. Both the types of symptoms and how serious they are can change. So, it’s significant for you to be prepared for every allergic reactions, especially anaphylaxis.

What causes latex allergy

Anaphylaxis must be treated correct away to provide the best chance for improvement and prevent serious, potentially life-threatening complications.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis generally involve more than one part of the body such as the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain. Some symptoms include:

  1. Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  2. Skin rashes and itching and hives
  3. Dizziness and/or fainting
  4. Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  5. Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  6. Feeling love something terrible is about to happen

Your child’s doctor will give you a finish list of symptoms.

After Anaphylaxis

  1. Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction.

    This second reaction can happen within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later. That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.

  2. Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.

What foods are potential problems for people with latex allergy?

If you own latex allergy you also can own food allergies. The foods most likely to cause this problem include: apple, avocado, banana, carrot, celery, chestnut, kiwi, melons, papaya, raw potato and tomato.

Irritant dermatitis is a non-allergic skin rash characterised by redness, dryness, scaling, vesicle formation and cracking.

What causes latex allergy

These changes are caused by sweating or irritation of the glove with the powder residue, or from irritation from frequent washing, soaps and detergents.

Risk Factors

Most people with latex allergy own had frequent exposure to latex over a number of years. Most of these people are nurses, doctors, dentists or other health professionals who are exposed to latex in the workplace, or patients who own had multiple operations or other medical interventions (such as urinary catheterisations or diagnostic procedures), including children with spina bifida or other congenital defects such as renal abnormalities.

People who are already allergic to other substances (for example, grass pollen or dust mite) are more likely to become allergic to latex.


Progression

Most people with latex allergy own been exposed to latex over several years. With the exception of gloves and balloons, most latex products in daily life do not contain enough allergen to cause significant problems.
Almost half of people with a latex allergy will also develop an allergy to certain fruits, most commonly avocado, banana or kiwi fruit.

They will often get itching and/or swelling in the mouth and throat after eating these fruits.


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