What causes chronic eye allergies
The two types of allergic rhinitis are seasonal and perennial. Seasonal allergies generally happen during the spring and drop season and are typically in response to outdoor allergens love pollen. Perennial allergies can happen year circular, or at any time during the year in response to indoor substances, love dust mites and pet dander.
What causes allergic rhinitis?
When your body comes into contact with an allergen, it releases histamine, which is a natural chemical that defends your body from the allergen.
This chemical can cause allergic rhinitis and its symptoms, including a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.
In addition to tree pollen, other common allergens include:
- animal dander, which is ancient skin
- dust mites
- grass pollen
- cat saliva
During certain times of the year, pollen can be especially problematic. Tree and flower pollens are more common in the spring. Grasses and weeds produce more pollen in the summer and fall.
Treatments for allergic rhinitis
You can treat your allergic rhinitis in several ways.
These include medications, as well as home remedies and possibly alternative medicines. Talk to your doctor before trying any new treatment measure for allergic rhinitis.
Eye drops and nasal sprays
Eye drops and nasal sprays can assist relieve itchiness and other allergy-related symptoms for a short time. However, depending on the product, you may need to avoid long-term use.
Like decongestants, overusing certain eye drops and nose drops can also cause a rebound effect.
Corticosteroids can assist with inflammation and immune responses. These do not cause a rebound effect. Steroid nasal sprays are commonly recommended as a long-term, useful way to manage allergy symptoms.
They are available both over the counter and by prescription.
Talk to your doctor before starting a regimen of any allergy treatment to make certain you are taking the best medications for your symptoms. You doctor can also assist you determine which products are made for short-term use and which are designed for long-term management.
You can use decongestants over a short period, generally no longer than three days, to relieve a stuffy nose and sinus pressure. Using them for a longer time can cause a rebound effect, meaning once you stop your symptoms will actually get worse. Favorite OTC decongestants include:
If you own an abnormal heart rhythm, heart disease, history of stroke, anxiety, a sleep disorder, high blood pressure, or bladder issues, speak with your doctor before using a decongestant.
Shop for decongestants.
You can take antihistamines to treat allergies.
They work by stopping your body from making histamine.
Some favorite over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines include:
Shop for OTC antihistamines.
Talk to your doctor before starting a new medication. Make certain that a new allergy medication won’t interfere with other medications or medical conditions.
Your doctor may recommend immunotherapy, or allergy shots, if you own severe allergies. You can use this treatment plan in conjunction with medications to control your symptoms. These shots decrease your immune response to specific allergens over time. They do require a long-term commitment to a treatment plan.
An allergy shot regimen begins with a buildup phase. During this phase, you’ll go to your allergist for a shot one to three times per week for about three to six months to let your body get used to the allergen in the shot.
During the maintenance phase, you will likely need to see your allergist for shots every two to four weeks over the course of three to five years. You may not notice a change until over a year after the maintenance phase begins.
Once you reach this point, it’s possible that your allergy symptoms will fade or vanish altogether.
Some people can experience severe allergic reactions to an allergen in their shot. Numerous allergists enquire you to wait in the office for 30 to 45 minutes after a shot to ensure that you don’t own an intense or life-threatening response to it.
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)
SLIT involves placing a tablet containing a mixture of several allergens under your tongue.
It works similarly to allergy shots but without an injection. Currently, it is effective for treating rhinitis and asthma allergies caused by grass, tree pollen, cat dander, dust mites, and ragweed.
You can take SLIT treatments, such as Oralair for certain grass allergies, at home after an initial consultation with your doctor. Your first dose of any SLIT will take put in your doctor’s office. Love allergy shots, the medication is taken frequently over a period of time sure by your doctor.
Possible side effects include itching in the mouth or ear and throat irritation. In rare cases, SLIT treatments can cause anaphylaxis. Talk to your doctor about SLIT to see if your allergies will reply to this treatment. Your doctor will need to direct your treatment with this method.
How is allergic rhinitis diagnosed?
If you own minor allergies, you’ll probably only need a physical exam. However, your doctor may act out certain tests to figure out the best treatment and prevention plan for you.
A skin prick test is one of the most common. Your doctor places several substances onto your skin to see how your body reacts to each one.
Generally, a little red bump appears if you’re allergic to a substance.
A blood test, or radioallergosorbent test (RAST), is also common. The RAST measures the quantity of immunoglobulin E antibodies to specific allergens in your blood.
Risk factors for allergic rhinitis
Allergies can affect anyone, but you’re more likely to develop allergic rhinitis if there is a history of allergies in your family.
Having asthma or atopic eczema can also increase your risk of allergic rhinitis.
Some external factors can trigger or worsen this condition, including:
- air pollution
- cigarette smoke
- cold temperatures
- wood smoke
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis
Common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include:
You’ll generally feel one or more of these symptoms immediately after coming into contact with an allergen.
Some symptoms, such as recurrent headaches and fatigue, may only happen after long-term exposure to allergens. Fever isn’t a symptom of hay fever.
Some people experience symptoms only rarely. This likely occurs when you’re exposed to allergens in large quantities. Other people experience symptoms every year endless. Talk to your doctor about possible allergies if your symptoms final for more than a few weeks and don’t seem to be improving.
What is allergic rhinitis?
An allergen is an otherwise harmless substance that causes an allergic reaction. Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is an allergic response to specific allergens. Pollen is the most common allergen in seasonal allergic rhinitis.
These are allergy symptoms that happen with the change of seasons.
Nearly 8 percent of adults in the United States experience allergic rhinitis of some helpful, according to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI). Between 10 and 30 percent of the worldwide population may also own allergic rhinitis.