What are common allergies for dogs
What is asthma?
Asthma is a condition that causes swelling and inflammation inside the airways of the lungs. This inflammation and swelling is there to a greater or lesser degree every the time in people with asthma.The more inflammation there is the harder it becomes to breathe. People with asthma also own over-sensitive airways, so their airways react to triggers that do not affect other people. When sufferers come into contact with something that irritates their airways (a trigger), it can cause their airways to narrow.
Food Allergy and Food Intolerance
If someone reacts to a food, they may own a Food Hypersensitivity (FHS). FHS reactions involving the immune system are known as food allergy (FA), every other reactions are classified as food intolerances (FI). Read more…
Atopic Eczema (Dermatitis)
Eczema is a pattern of itchy skin rash consisting of tiny pink bumps that may join together producing ill-defined pink or red patches. There are numerous types of eczema – some own known causes.
Dermatitis is the term used for eczema reactions that are caused by external agents/factors. Atopic eczema is often referred to as “infantile” of childhood eczema because that is when it generally develops.
Atopic eczema is generally associated with allergies (hayfever or asthma) in either the affected individuals or in their shut relatives. Read more…
Allergy in Children
The bulk of allergic disease occurs in childhood, with asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema and food allergy comprising a significant percentage of the workload of doctors dealing with children in primary care and hospital paediatric departments. In a recent large UK survey, 20% of children were reported to own had asthma in the previous year, 18% had allergic rhino conjunctivitis (hay fever) and 16% had eczema. This represents a massive increase in prevalence compared with similar studies in the 1970 s where prevalence rates were 3 fold lower.
Of these children 47% had at least two co-existing conditions e.g. asthma and eczema.
Prescription drugs own been through a rigorous process of testing to ensure safety, despite this, a minority of individuals will develop side-effects. Side- effects are termed “adverse drug reactions” by doctors and although the majority of adverse drug reactions are relatively minor and may even permit continuation with the drug, in some cases more severe symptoms can occur.Read more…
Rhinitis means inflammation of the lining of the nose Rhinitis is defined clinically as symptoms of runny nose itching, sneezing and nasal blockage (congestion)..
Common causes of rhinitis are allergies which may be seasonal (‘hayfever’) or happen all-year-round (examples include allergy to home dust mite, cats, dogs and moulds).Infections which may be acute or chronic represent another common cause. Rhinitis (whether due to allergic or other causes) is a risk factor for the development of asthma. Rhinitis is also implicated in otitis media with effusion and in sinusitis which should rightly be termed rhinosinusitis since sinus inflammation almost always involves the nasal passages as well.
The allergic process can affect the skin producing 2 main types of rashes namely urticaria (hives, nettlerash, welts) or eczema (see atopic dermatitis section).
Urticaria is a red itchy bumpy rash that is often short-lived and can appear in various shapes and sizes anywhere on the body.It is extremely common affecting 1 in 5 of the population at sometime in their lives.In some people urticaria is accompanied by large dramatic swellings commonly affecting lips, eyelids, tongue and hand called angioedema.
Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also.
So today, I’m going to talk to you a little bit about allergies, and there’s so numerous misconceptions and misinformation out there, and people who desire to sell you every kinds of things that are going to cure the allergies, but I’m going to helpful of give you just a basic picture of what’s significant to know.
And most importantly, remember, every dog is diverse. Every situation is diverse, and you really need the assist and guidance of a veterinary to select the best products.
Most people come to us because their dog is, tell, itching for whatever reason. Obviously, the first thing we’re going to law out would be parasites. There are some kinds of mites that can cause itching, certainly fleas and even ticks can cause itching, so we’re going to make certain that those things are well covered first.
Then the next thing we’ll start to talk about would be things love environmental concerns.
But really, with allergies, the way that they work with most dogs is that the vast majority are contact allergies. Yes, love some love that, and a dog is going to be exposed by stepping or rolling or laying in the grass, or whatever, and they’re going to be exposed to allergens. When we test for allergies, we’re testing for about 75 diverse things, so no one can glance at your dog and tell, «Oh, it’s grass.» There’s really just no way of knowing that, but it’s certainly a extremely excellent possibility that it could be grass or molds that are in the grass when the grasses are wet.
But what happens is these allergens are exposed to the dog’s skin, and then they’re absorbed through the skin.
Dogs that own allergies, a lot of them own a barrier problem; meaning if you ponder about the skin as being love saran wrap, and dogs that own allergies own more holes in their saran wrap than other dogs. So then these allergens are capable to penetrate through the skin, and in addition, they own some overreaction to whatever it is they’re being exposed to. If it’s grass, the grass allergens are getting into the skin and into the second layer of the skin a little bit easier, and then the body may be overreacting, causing histamine release, and other things that are really itchy for the dog, and then that’s going to cause the dog to itch.
Once the dog starts licking and chewing and scratching and biting, we get secondary problems love yeast and bacteria infections, which may require us to do some cytologies.
Basically, we’re looking at the cells of the skin to see if there’s yeast or bacteria, because they’re treated extremely differently. We own so numerous amazing drugs now to assist fight with allergies.
We own two new medications; one is a pill that is a non-steroidal pill that really helps to block the reaction of itch, and another one is an injectable drug that also helps with the overresponse that an allergic dog displays.
These drugs are amazing and such a lifesaver for a dog’s quality of life, but they do require that we make certain that infections are cleared up, and that we’ve done a beautiful thorough workup before doing any of these medications. So bottom line is this: Most allergies are contact allergies.
There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also. Some of them can own a combination of every of the above, but I ponder if you went into a pet store, you’d discover that fairly often telling you, you own to purchase this certain helpful of food, and really rarely is that what should happen.
You don’t really desire to get your health information from a 16 year ancient pet store employee; not that there’s anything incorrect with them, but they don’t generally own the eight years of school that assist us to make a better plan for your puppy or your dog in choosing the best medications.
So, if your dog is having itching, scratching problem, most importantly, just get to the vet. Own them start working your dog up and discover the best way to get your dog’s skin under control.
How to treat dog allergies
The only surefire way to get rid of a pet allergy is to remove the pet from your home. There are, however, ways to minimize your exposure to allergens and lessen your symptoms if you don’t desire to part with Fluffy.
Here are some medications and treatments that can assist you manage allergies and asthma:
- Antihistamines are over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as Benadryl, Claritin, Allegra, and Clarinex OTC that can assist relieve itching, sneezing, and runny nose.
- Cromolyn sodium is an OTC nasal spray that may assist reduce symptoms, especially if it’s used before they develop.
- Nasal corticosteroids such as Flonase (now available over the counter) or Nasonex may reduce inflammation and control symptoms.
- Decongestants make it easier to breathe by shrinking swollen tissues in the nasal passage.
These are available in oral form or as a nasal spray.
- Allergy shots (immunotherapy) expose you to the animal protein (allergen) that’s causing the reaction and assist your body become less sensitive, reducing symptoms. Shots are given by an allergist and are often used in more severe cases for long-term treatment.
- Leukotriene modifiers, such as the prescription tablet montelukast (Singulair), may be recommended if you can’t tolerate nasal antihistamines or corticosteroids.
Some people with dog allergies may discover that a saline (salt water) rinse daily to clear nasal passages of allergens can assist.
A “nasal lavage” can control symptoms such as congestion and postnasal drip.
OTC saline sprays and nasal lavage kits are readily available. You can also make your own by mixing 1/8 teaspoon of table salt with distilled water.
There are several things dog owners can do around the home to reduce allergens. They include:
- bathing the dog weekly using a pet-friendly shampoo (done by a non-allergic person)
- using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) purifiers to reduce airborne allergens in the home
- setting up dog-free zones (certain rooms, such as a bedroom, where the dog is not allowed)
- removing carpeting, upholstered furniture, horizontal blinds, curtains, and any other items that may attract dander
- keeping the dog exterior (only in certain climates in a well-contained area and under humane conditions)
- looking into hypoallergenic dog breeds
- using a trial period when introducing a new pet to the family to assess family members’ reactions to the new dog
Many of the lifestyle changes and allergy medications listed above can assist you to reduce uncomfortable symptoms if you love dogs and don’t desire to give up being around them.
An allergist can act out tests and tell you how severe your dog allergy is and what types of treatments can assist.
Talk to your doctor about your allergy and your treatment options.
Am I allergic to my dog?
A dog is man’s best friend — that is, unless the man is allergic to his dog.
Pet allergies are common in the United States. According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, 15 to 30 percent of every Americans are affected. Although allergies to cats are about twice as common, allergic reactions to dogs tend to be more severe. This is especially the case in those with asthma.
Keep reading to study about lifestyle changes and medications that can assist treat dog allergies.
Symptoms of dog allergies
The symptoms of a dog allergy may range from mild to severe.
Symptoms may not appear for several days after exposure in people with low sensitivity.
Some clues you may be allergic to dogs include:
- swelling and itching in the membranes of the nose or around the eyes
- coughing, shortness of breath, or wheezing within 15 to 30 minutes of exposure to allergens
- redness of the skin after being licked by a dog
- rash on the face, neck, or chest
- a severe asthma attack (in someone with asthma)
Children with dog allergies will often develop eczema in addition to the above symptoms. Eczema is a painful inflammation of the skin.
People used to believe that exposing a newborn to the family dog could cause a kid to develop a pet allergy.
Thankfully for dog owners, the opposite appears to be true.
Several studies in the past few years — including one published in the — own found that exposing a baby to a pet doesn’t increase the risk of developing allergies or asthma. It may actually protect the kid from developing them in the future.
What causes dog allergies?
Dogs secrete proteins that finish up in their dander (dead skin), saliva, and urine.
An allergic reaction occurs when a sensitive person’s immune system reacts abnormally to the generally harmless proteins. Diverse breeds produce diverse dander, so it’s possible to be more allergic to some dogs than others.
The allergen eventually finds its way into the animal’s fur. From there, it collects in carpets, on clothing, on walls, and between sofa cushions. The pet hair itself is not an allergen, but the hair can hold dust and dander.
Pet dander can remain airborne for endless periods of time as well. It can eventually discover its way into your eyes or lungs.