What allergies cause sore eyes
Symptoms of hay fever include:
- itchy throat, mouth, nose and ears
- a runny or blocked nose
- loss of smell
- pain around your temples and forehead
- itchy, red or watery eyes
- sneezing and coughing
- feeling tired
If you own asthma, you might also:
- have a tight feeling in your chest
- be short of breath
- wheeze and cough
Hay fever will final for weeks or months, unlike a freezing, which generally goes away after 1 to 2 weeks.
How to treat hay fever yourself
There’s currently no cure for hay fever and you cannot prevent it.
But you can do things to ease your symptoms when the pollen count is high.
- shower and change your clothes after you own been exterior to wash pollen off
- hold windows and doors shut as much as possible
- put Vaseline around your nostrils to trap pollen
- stay indoors whenever possible
- vacuum regularly and dust with a damp cloth
- wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting into your eyes
- purchase a pollen filter for the air vents in your car and a vacuum cleaner with a special HEPA filter
- do not hold unused flowers in the home
- do not smoke or be around smoke – it makes your symptoms worse
- do not cut grass or stroll on grass
- do not spend too much time exterior
- do not dry clothes exterior – they can catch pollen
- do not let pets into the home if possible – they can carry pollen indoors
Allergy UK has more tips on managing hay fever.
Main allergy symptoms
Common symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and a cough
- swollen lips, tongue, eyes or face
- sneezing and an itchy, runny or blocked nose (allergic rhinitis)
- a raised, itchy, red rash (hives)
- tummy pain, feeling ill, vomiting or diarrhoea
- itchy, red, watering eyes (conjunctivitis)
- dry, red and cracked skin
The symptoms vary depending on what you’re allergic to and how you come into contact with it.
For example, you may have a runny nose if exposed to pollen, develop a rash if you own a skin allergy, or feel sick if you eat something you’re allergic to.
See your GP if you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something.
They can assist determine whether the symptoms are caused by an allergy or another condition.
Read more about diagnosing allergies.
A pharmacist can assist with hay fever
Speak to your pharmacist if you own hay fever.
They can give advice and propose the best treatments, love antihistamine drops, tablets or nasal sprays to assist with:
- itchy and watery eyes and sneezing
- a blocked nose
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- your symptoms are getting worse
- your symptoms do not improve after taking medicines from the pharmacy
Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
In rare cases, an allergy can lead to a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening.
This affects the whole body and usually develops within minutes of exposure to something you’re allergic to.
Signs of anaphylaxis include any of the symptoms above, as well as:
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
Read more about anaphylaxis for information about what to do if it occurs.
Sheet final reviewed: 22 November 2018
Next review due: 22 November 2021
Hay fever is generally worse between tardy March and September, especially when it’s warm, humid and windy.
This is when the pollen count is at its highest.
Treatments for hay fever from a GP
Your GP might prescribe steroids.
If steroids and other hay fever treatments do not work, your GP may refer you for immunotherapy.
This means you’ll be given little amounts of pollen as an injection or tablet to slowly build up your immunity to pollen.
This helpful of treatment generally starts in the winter about 3 months before the hay fever season begins.