What allergies are epipens used for

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergy that can affect as much as 15% of the population. If the victim is unconscious, call immediately. Glance for several telltale signs that indicate an allergic reaction:

  1. Dry mouth
  2. Scratchy throat
  3. Hives (raised welts)
  4. Redness
  5. Dizziness
  6. Shortness of breath or wheezing
  7. Itching
  8. Weakness


EpiPen® and EpiPen Jr® Auto-Injectors are for the emergency treatment of life-threatening allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) caused by allergens, exercise, or unknown triggers; and for people who are at increased risk for these reactions.

EpiPen® and EpiPen Jr® are intended for immediate istration as emergency supportive therapy only. Seek immediate emergency medical assist correct away.

Please see the full Prescribing Information and Patient Information.

What allergies are epipens used for

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To prevent a reaction, it is extremely significant to avoid every fish and fish products. Always read food labels and enquire questions about ingredients before eating a food that you own not prepared yourself.

Steer clear of seafood restaurants, where there is a high risk of food cross-contact. You should also avoid touching fish and going to fish markets. Being in any area where fish are being cooked can put you at risk, as fish protein could be in the steam.

More than half of people who are allergic to one type of fish are also allergic to other fish.

Your allergist will generally recommend you avoid every fish. If you are allergic to a specific type of fish but desire to eat other fish, talk to your doctor about further allergy testing.

Fish is one of the eight major allergens that must be listed on packaged foods sold in the U.S., as required by federal law. Read more about food labels

There are more than 20, species of fish. Although this is not a finish list, allergic reactions own been commonly reported to:

  1. Pollock
  2. Mahi mahi
  3. Pike
  4. Halibut
  5. Snapper
  6. Scrod
  7. Sole
  8. Perch
  9. Anchovies
  10. Haddock
  11. Herring
  12. Flounder
  13. Cod
  14. Swordfish
  15. Grouper
  16. Bass
  17. Catfish
  18. Trout
  19. Tilapia
  20. Hake
  21. Salmon
  22. Tuna

Also avoid these fish products:

  1. Fish oil
  2. Fish gelatin, made from the skin and bones of fish
  3. Fish sticks (some people make the error of thinking these don’t contain genuine fish)

Some Unexpected Sources of Fish

  1. Caponata, a Sicilian eggplant relish
  2. Caesar salad and Caesar dressing
  3. Imitation or artificial fish or shellfish (e.g., surimi, also known as “sea legs” or “sea sticks”)
  4. Bouillabaisse
  5. Worcestershire sauce
  6. Barbecue sauce
  7. Certain cuisines (especially African, Chinese, Indonesian, Thai and Vietnamese)—even if you order a fish-free dish, there is high risk of cross-contact

Allergens are not always present in these food and products, but fish can appear in surprising places.

Again, read food labels and enquire questions if you’re ever unsure about an item’s ingredients.

Anaphylaxis: Severe Allergic Reactions

Nearly one in 50 Americans are at risk for anaphylaxis

Some children are allergic to certain foods, medicines, insects and latex. When they come into contact with these things they develop symptoms, such as hives and shortness of breath. This is known as an allergic reaction. Things that cause an allergic reaction are called allergens. Take every allergic symptoms seriously because both mild and severe symptoms can lead to a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis (anna-fih-LACK-sis).

Common Causes of Anaphylaxis


The most common food allergies are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. The most common food allergies in infants and children are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy and wheat.

Insect stings from bees, wasps, yellow jackets and fire ants.

Latex found in things such as balloons, rubber bands, hospital gloves.

Medicines, especially penicillin, sulfa drugs, insulin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Be Prepared for Anaphylaxis

Keep an Emergency Plan with You

You, your kid, and others who supervise or care for your kid need to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and how to treat it.

Your child’s doctor will give you a written step-by-step plan on what to do in an emergency. The plan is called an allergy emergency care plan or anaphylaxis emergency action plan. To be prepared, you, your kid, and others who care for your kid need to own copies of this plan.

About Epinephrine

Epinephrine is the medicine used to treat anaphylaxis. The emergency action plan tells you when and how to give epinephrine. You cannot rely on antihistamines to treat anaphylaxis.

Know How to Use Epinephrine

Learn how to give your kid epinephrine.

What allergies are epipens used for

Epinephrine is safe and comes in an easy-to-use device called an auto-injector. When you press it against your child’s outer thigh, it injects a single dose of medicine. Your child’s health care team will show you how to use it. You, in turn, can teach people who spend time with your kid how to use it.

Always own two epinephrine auto-injectors near your kid. Do not store epinephrine in your car or other places where it will get too boiling or too freezing. Discard if the liquid is not clear, and replace it when it expires.

After Anaphylaxis

  1. Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction. This second reaction can happen within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later.

    That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.

  2. Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.

Be Aware of Symptoms of Anaphylaxis

The symptoms of anaphylaxis may happen shortly after having contact with an allergen and can get worse quickly. You can’t predict how your kid will react to a certain allergen from one time to the next. Both the types of symptoms and how serious they are can change.

So, it’s significant for you to be prepared for every allergic reactions, especially anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis must be treated correct away to provide the best chance for improvement and prevent serious, potentially life-threatening complications.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis generally involve more than one part of the body such as the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain. Some symptoms include:

  1. Feeling love something terrible is about to happen
  2. Dizziness and/or fainting
  3. Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  4. Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  5. After giving epinephrine, always call or a local ambulance service.

    Tell them that your kid is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.

  6. Follow the steps in your child’s emergency care plan to give your kid epinephrine correct away. This can save your child’s life.
  7. Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  8. Skin rashes and itching and hives
  9. Your kid needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your kid closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

Your child’s doctor will give you a finish list of symptoms.

Take Steps to Avoid Anaphylaxis

The best way to avoid anaphylaxis is for your kid to stay away from allergens. Teach your kid about his or her allergy in an age-appropriate way. Teach your kid to tell an adult about a reaction, how to avoid allergens and how and when to use an epinephrine auto-injector. Here are some first steps you can take for each type of allergy:


Learn how to read food labels and avoid cross-contact. Read the label every time you purchase a product, even if you’ve used it before. Ingredients in any given product may change.

Insect allergies. Wear closed-toe shoes and insect repellent when outdoors. Avoid loose-fitting clothing that can trap an insect between the clothing and the skin.

Medicine allergies. Tell your doctor about medicines your kid is allergic to.

Know both the generic and brand names of the medicines.

Latex allergies. Tell your doctors, dentists and other health care providers about your child’s latex allergy. Enquire them to put a note in your child’s medical chart about your child’s allergy. Also remind them of the allergy before any medical procedure or test.

For every allergies:  Educate family, friends, the school and others who will be with your kid about your child’s allergies.

They can assist your kid avoid allergens and help if anaphylaxis occurs.

Reviewed by medical advisors June

Know How to Treat Anaphylaxis

  • After giving epinephrine, always call or a local ambulance service. Tell them that your kid is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.
  • Follow the steps in your child’s emergency care plan to give your kid epinephrine correct away. This can save your child’s life.
  • Your kid needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your kid closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

With food allergies so common in children today, numerous doctors recommend parents carry automatic epinephrine injectors that can be used if their kid has an anaphylactic reaction. Similarly, allergists recommend that adults with severe allergies also carry epinephrine injectors at every times.

With food allergies so common in children today, numerous doctors recommend parents carry automatic epinephrine injectors that can be used if their kid has an anaphylactic reaction. Similarly, allergists recommend that adults with severe allergies also carry epinephrine injectors at every times.

About anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction.

Anaphylaxis happens when your kid comes into contact with something in the environment that he’s allergic to.

This thing is called an allergen. For most people it’s something harmless, love food, insect stings and medications.

When your kid comes into contact with the allergen, her body reacts as if it’s harmful. And your child’s immune system responds by flooding her body with chemicals.

When these chemicals get released, your kid might go into shock – his blood pressure might drop suddenly and he might own trouble breathing. This is anaphylaxis. It’s also called anaphylactic shock.

Not every children and teenagers with an allergy will own an episode of anaphylaxis. Mild to moderate allergic reactions are more common.

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction and requires urgent medical attention.

If your kid is having an anaphylactic reaction, first lay him flat to assist hold his blood pressure stable. Next use an adrenaline auto-injector love EpiPen® if one is available. Then call an ambulance – phone

Symptoms of anaphylaxis

If your kid is having a severe allergic reaction, he might own one or more of the following signs or symptoms:

  1. trouble talking and/or a hoarse voice
  2. swelling or tightness in the throat
  3. a wheeze or persistent cough
  4. swelling of the tongue
  5. persistent dizziness or fainting
  6. difficult or noisy breathing
  7. low blood pressure.

If your kid has an allergy to insect stings, she might also own abdominal pain and vomiting – but only after an insect sting.

Young children might go pale and floppy.

Sometimes, an anaphylactic reaction might seem love a mild reaction at first but will quickly get worse.

So if your kid has allergies, it’s significant to watch your kid closely whenever he has an allergic reaction.

Anaphylaxis generally happens within minutes of your kid being exposed to the allergen.

What allergies are epipens used for

But sometimes it can happen up to two hours later.

Testing for anaphylaxis

If you ponder your kid is at risk of anaphylaxis,getting a proper diagnosis is significant. This means a doctor will need to identify what allergens might be causing your kid to own an allergic reaction.

To start the process of allergy diagnosis, you can talk to your family GP, who can refer your kid to anallergy and immunology specialist for allergy testing.

When your kid has a confirmed diagnosis of allergies, you can prepare yourself to handle every kinds of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis.

Most children with allergies to egg, cow’s milk or wheat outgrow their allergies by the time they’re five years ancient.

This is true even if your kid has had a previous severe allergic reaction to these allergens. Peanut, treenut, fish and shellfish allergies are more likely to be lifelong.

Treatment for anaphylaxis

Adrenaline is used to treat anaphylaxis. It generally works extremely quickly to reverse the symptoms of anaphylaxis.

If your kid is at risk of anaphylaxis, she’s likely to be prescribed anadrenaline auto-injector – for example, EpiPen®.

She’ll probably also own an ASCIA (Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy) action plan.

If your kid is prescribed an adrenaline auto-injector, it’s significant that both you and your kid study how and when to use it. Your child’s ability to use it will depend on his age and development. You and/or your kid should carry the adrenaline auto-injector at every times. You can also teach others – family, friends, teachers and carers – how to use it.

Avoid using antihistamines for a severe allergic reaction – these will not prevent or treat anaphylaxis.

If you ponder your kid is having a severe allergic reaction, it’s safer to give the adrenaline auto-injector rather than waiting to see whether your child’s symptoms get worse.

Not giving the adrenaline auto-injector can be more harmful than giving it, even if it’s not needed.

Managing anaphylaxis

There’sno cure for allergies, but numerous children grow out of them. But you can take some steps to make it easier for you and your kid to live with anaphylaxis.

Avoid the allergen
It’s extremely significant for your kid to avoid the allergen that causes anaphylaxis. This can be challenging, but there are significant things you can do to assist your child.

Here’s what you can do if your kid has a food allergy:

  1. Be careful when you eat out.

    Enquire what ingredients each dish includes, how it was prepared, whether it has touched any other foods, and whether there’s any risk of cross-contamination. Most restaurants will be happy to tell you, but they might not know about the ingredients in some foods love sauces.

  2. Avoid any foods or cutlery that could own been in contact with the allergen. This includes buffets and bain-maries (food warmers). Even tiny amounts of the allergen can cause your kid to own a severe reaction.
  3. Read labels on every foods.

    Be aware that some allergenic foods own diverse names – for example, cow’s milk protein might be called ‘whey’ or ‘casein’. But by law the 10 most common allergens need to be plainly stated on food labels – for example, cow’s milk, soy, egg, wheat, peanuts and tree nuts.

  4. Teach your kid not to share food. This might depend on your child’s age and ability to understand.

Here’s what to do if your kid has an allergy to insect stings:

  1. Avoid dressing your kid in bright colours.
  2. Dress your kid in long-sleeved shirts and pants when you can.
  3. Don’t let your kid stroll barefoot on grass.
  4. Teach your kid not to drink from open soft drink cans outdoors.

And if your kid has an allergy to a medication, let your doctor, pharmacist or dentist know before your kid has any treatments or takes any medications.

Let key people know
It’s significant that key people – love family, carers, babysitters and your child’s school – know that your kid has a severe allergy.

It’s a excellent thought for them to know how and when to use your child’s EpiPen®.

Wear a medical bracelet
This lets people know about your child’s specific allergy. This can be really significant if your kid has a severe allergic reaction without any friends or family around who know about her allergy.

Allergen immunotherapy
You can talk with your allergist or immunologist about allergen immunotherapy, also called desensitisation.

This therapy involves a specialist regularly giving your kid increasing doses of the allergen. This helps your kid to tolerate the allergen better and reduces his symptoms.

This form of treatment takes years to work but is generally extremely effective.

Immunotherapy isn’t currently available for food allergies, but it can be used to treat a severe allergy to insect stings.

More Significant Safety Information

Use EpiPen® (epinephrine injection, USP) mg or EpiPen Jr® (epinephrine injection, USP) mg Auto-Injectors correct away when you own an allergic emergency (anaphylaxis). Get emergency medical assist correct away. You may need further medical attention. Only a healthcare professional should give additional doses of epinephrine if you need more than two injections for a single anaphylactic episode.

EpiPen® or EpiPen Jr® should only be injected into the middle of your outer thigh (upper leg), through clothing if necessary. Do not inject into your veins, buttocks, fingers, toes, hands or feet. Hold the leg of young children firmly in put before and during injection to prevent injuries. In case of accidental injection, please seek immediate medical treatment.

What allergies are epipens used for

Rarely, patients who own used EpiPen® or EpiPen Jr® may develop an infection at the injection site within a few days. Some of these infections can be serious. Call your healthcare professional correct away if you own any of the following at an injection site: redness that does not go away, swelling, tenderness, or the area feels warm to the touch.

Tell your healthcare professional about every of your medical conditions, especially if you own asthma, a history of depression, thyroid problems, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or heart problems, own any other medical conditions, are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.

Be certain to also tell your healthcare professional every the medicines you take, especially medicines for asthma.

What allergies are epipens used for

If you own certain medical conditions, or take certain medicines, your condition may get worse or you may own longer lasting side effects when you use EpiPen®or EpiPen Jr®.

Common side effects include quick, irregular or “pounding” heartbeat, sweating, nausea or vomiting, breathing problems, paleness, dizziness, weakness, shakiness, headache, feelings of over excitement, nervousness or anxiety.

These side effects generally go away quickly if you lie below and relax. Tell your healthcare professional if you own any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

How to Use the EpiPen

It is not necessary to own every of the signs for it to be an allergy. If you suspect an allergic reaction and the victim has trouble breathing or dizziness, it is probably anaphylaxis:Call immediately and ister an epinephrine injector.


Remove the EpiPen

Unscrew the yellow cap from the container and slide out the EpiPen.


What Is Epinephrine?

Epinephrine can stop anaphylaxis.

Anaphylaxis can be fatal if not treated quickly and properly, and epinephrine is the first line of defense. Patients with anaphylaxis carry automatic injectors of epinephrine—the most common brand is an EpiPen—in case of an anaphylactic reaction.

Depending on laws in your state and the level of training a first aid provider has, it may be permissible for a first aid provider to ister an EpiPen to a victim of anaphylaxis. The EpiPen must already be prescribed to the patient in order for it to be used.

A fairly new automatic injector of epinephrine is on the market by Auvi‑Q. This brand of epinephrine injector gives the instructions on use via audio; hence it has become known as the talking epinephrine injector.